Dorinių vertybių raiška 5–7 metų vaikų elgesyje

Direct Link:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Dorinių vertybių raiška 5–7 metų vaikų elgesyje
Alternative Title:
Expression of moral values in the behaviour of 5–7-year old children
In the Journal:
Acta paedagogica Vilnensia. 2014, t. 33, p. 148-161
Ideologija. Pasaulėžiūra / Ideology. Worldviews; Ikimokyklinis ugdymas / Pre-school education; Specialusis ugdymas / Special education; Vaikai / Children.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje iškeliama dorinių vertybių ugdymo problema ikimokykliniame amžiuje. Remiantis empirinio tyrimo duomenimis, siekiama atskleisti 5–7 metų vaikų dorinių vertybių raiškos pradmenis elgesio aspektu. Taikant elgesio raiškos dažnumo ir savanoriškumo kriterijus, atskleidžiami šio amžiaus vaikams būdingi elgesio ypatumai. Taip pat išryškinami kai kurie tiriamųjų elgesio raiškos skirtumai, priklausantys nuo jų lyties ir gyvenamosios vietos. [Iš leidinio]Reikšminiai žodžiai: Ikimokyklinis amžius; Dorinės vertybės; Dorinio elgesio dažnumas ir savanoriškumas; Pre-school age; Moral values; Frequency of moral behaviour and self-sufficiency.

ENThis publication aims to present a theoretical and empirical model of the expression of moral values in 5–7-year-old children as the base for their empirical study; to describe elements of the expression of moral values in children of such age in terms of behaviour frequency and self-sufficiency; to compare the behaviour of the children by gender and the place of residence. Based on the data of factor analysis, the following values were included into the theoretical and empirical model of the expression of moral values in 5–7-year-old children: dutifulness (clearing-up of the playing area and protection of things belonging to this environment); carefulness (taking care about plants and / or animals); openness (sharing things, toys, etc.); sincerity (telling about himself / herself and giving as a gift self-handmade items, findings); helpfulness (attempts to protect others informing about a danger); sympathy (compassion when it is going wrong); attentiveness (noticing the mood of other persons and listening to what others say); simplicity (avoiding the ostentation of things or appearance) and honesty (attempts to avoid lying, to say truth). Based on the criterion of the behaviour expression frequency, the elements of avoiding fraud, of honesty, openness, dutifulness, sincerity and attentiveness were reported more often in the behaviour of 5–7-year-old children. Dutifulness, attentiveness, sincerity as well as carefulness and sympathy were noticed more frequently in the behaviour of girls as compared with boys. Children living in cities were more mindful and sincere, and children from rural areas were more dutiful, attentive, and honest. The behaviour of 5–7-year-old children was interrelated and based on the frequency and self-sufficiency criteria, except some insignificant differences.Although many of children in this age group strived to avoid a fraud, made attempts to tell the truth, be attentive on their own initiative without the intervening of others, not all attempts were successful. However, data of the self-sufficient behaviour demonstrated at the same time that children of this age tended readily to perform activities incarnating the values of sincerity, attentiveness, sympathy, and helpfulness. Also, elements of self-sufficient behaviour were more distinct in the behaviour of girls rather than of boys. [From the publication]

1392-5016; 1648-665X
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2021-01-17 15:26:13
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