Trakų Švč. Mergelės Marijos Apsilankymo bažnyčios liturginės tekstilės rinkinys

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Trakų Švč. Mergelės Marijos Apsilankymo bažnyčios liturginės tekstilės rinkinys
Alternative Title:
History of the collection of liturgical textile of the Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Trakai
In the Journal:
Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis [AAAV]. 2018, t. 90, p. 209-254. Po Trakų Dievo Motinos karūna
Keywords:
LT
Liturginė tekstilė; Arnoto rekvizitai; Audiniai; Siuvinėjimas; Aukotojas.
EN
Lturgical textile; Chasuble; Requisites of chasuble; Patron; Coat of arms; Import; Fabrics; Embroidery; Eustachy Wollowicz; Romer family; Tyszkiewicz family.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje aptariamas Trakų Švč. Mergelės Marijos Apsilankymo bažnyčioje išsaugotas liturginės tekstilės rinkinys neabejotinai laikytinas išskirtiniu Lietuvos liturginės tekstilės paveldo kontekste, vaizdžiai pristatančiu šio tipo dirbinių gausą ir įvairovę vienoje iš svarbiausių ir seniausių katalikų šventovių Lietuvoje. XX a. 8 deš. pavieniai rinkinio dirbiniai buvo registruoti Lietuvos TSR istorijos ir kultūros paminklų sąraše. Dalis objektų išsamiau tyrinėti parodos Krikščionybė Lietuvos mene katalogo, skirto bažnytinei tekstilei, rengėjų. Tačiau pats rinkinys išsamiau aptartas nebuvo. Tad publikacijos autorių tikslas – apžvelgti šią daugeliu aspektų reikšmingą kolekciją, kurios atskirus dirbinius apskritai būtų galima laikyti retais ir unikaliais liturginės paramentikos pavyzdžiais. Straipsnio pabaigoje pateikiamas Trakų Švč. Mergelės Marijos Apsilankymo bažnyčioje išlikusios liturginės tekstilės inventorinis sąrašas. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article presents a collection of liturgical textile preserved at the Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Trakai. The collection includes circa 100 objects. It must be considered exceptional in the context of the heritage of Lithuanian liturgical textile. The earliest objects of liturgical textile mentioned in the inventory of the Trakai church in 1630–1631 have not survived. The surviving liturgical clothes are a more comprehensive and vivid source than fragments of surviving documents, presenting the richness and diversity of liturgical clothes and other textile artefacts from one of the most important Lithuanian churches. Only a small part of the former rich collection of liturgical textile has survived to the present day. Most of the artefacts are valuable works from the second half of the 17th to the 18th century. The artefacts of liturgical textiles from the 19th century are interesting typologically and historically. The patrons of the Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Trakai always supplied the church with generous amounts of liturgical textile. Rulers, prominent clerics, noblemen and high officials took care of its inventory. The surviving examples of the collection allow us to assess the evolution of early textile, the ways of its import as well as examples of local production. It should be noted that in the 17th century, fabrics were brought to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from Italy and Persia. In the 18th century, articles from French draperies were popular in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In the first half of the 19th century, brocades and silks from Russian manufactures replaced French and Italian fabrics, which prevailed in the 18th and the early 19th century. In the fourth quarter of the 19th century, German, French and Polish production reappeared in Lithuania.Analysing the collection of liturgical textile in the church of Trakai allows us to assess the changes in the trends of applied art during several centuries. Fabrics used for liturgical clothes of this church reflect the ideology of a certain period, visual thinking, manifestations of the changing aesthetic taste and fashion trends, and the development of new technologies. Individual examples of the collection can illustrate consistently all the art styles from the 17th century to the first half of the last century. There are examples of fabrics from the Middle East, European Baroque and Rococo, Classicism, Biedermeier, Symbolism as well as the historical Secession style from the 19th century. The collection consists not only of liturgical clothes made from luxurious and expensive fabrics, which only the nobles could afford, but also of cheaper or low-cost production affordable for simple parishioners. Therefore, it reflects the diverse development of textile during three centuries. [From the publication]

ISBN:
9786094473128
ISSN:
1392-0316
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/78621
Updated:
2020-09-10 21:34:26
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