Phonological evidence for a Proto-Baltic stage in the evolution of East and West Baltic

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Anglų kalba / English
Phonological evidence for a Proto-Baltic stage in the evolution of East and West Baltic
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Baltų prokalbė; Baltų-slavų kalbos; Baltų-slavų prokalbė; Indoeuropiečių prokalbė; Istorinė fonologija; Istorinė morfologija; Pogrupis; Slavų prokalbė; Balto-Slavonic; Historical morphology; Historical phonology; Indo-European; Proto-Baltic; Proto-Slavonic; Subgrouping.
Baltų kalbos / Baltic languages; Baltų prokalbė; Baltų-slavų prokalbė; Fonetika. Fonologija / Phonology; Indoeuropiečių kabos / Indo-European languages; Istorinė morfologija; Pogrupis; Slavų kalbos / Slavic languages; Slavų prokalbė.
Balto-Slavonic; Historical morphology; Historical phonology; Proto-Baltic; Proto-Slavonic; Subgrouping.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe position of the so-called ‘Baltic’ languages Lithuanian, Latvian and Old Prussian within the Balto-Slavonic branch of Indo-European is a still matter of debate. Within Balto-Slavonic, the Slavonic sub-branch is clearly identifiable due to an exclusive set of phonological and morphological innovations not shared by ‘Baltic’. The ‘East Baltic’ languages Lithuanian and Latvian are similarly separated from both Slavonic and the ‘West Baltic’ language Old Prussian by a set of characteristic innovations. What remains to be clarified, is the exact position of Old Prussian. Traditionally, Old Prussian is either grouped with ‘East Baltic’, thus implying a common Proto-Baltic stage after the disintegration of Proto-Balto-Slavonic, or it is seen as a separate sub-branch of Balto-Slavonic. The situation is additionally complicated by several nontrivial features shared by ‘East Baltic’ and Slavonic but not found in Old Prussian. Such features point to a third possible position on the sub-branches of Balto-Slavonic, i.e. grouping East Baltic together with Slavonic which implies a particularly early separation of Old Prussian from the rest of the branch. The papers intends to foster the theoretical discussion by pointing out two nontrivial phonological developments which must be assumed for both ‘East’ and ‘West Baltic’ but not for Slavonic and therefore may constitute evidence for Proto-Baltic as a parent language of both ‘Baltic’ branches. [From the publication]

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2020-11-24 21:20:36
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