Vilniaus amatininkų katalikų religinis gyvenimas XVI a. antroje pusėje

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Vilniaus amatininkų katalikų religinis gyvenimas XVI a. antroje pusėje
Alternative Title:
Religious life of Roman Catholic artisans in Vilnius in the second half of the 16th century
In the Journal:
Lietuvos istorijos metraštis [Yearbook of Lithuanian History]. 2018, 2017/2, p. 23-48
16 amžius; Vilnius. Vilniaus kraštas (Vilnius region); Lietuva (Lithuania); Liaudies kultūra / Folk culture; Katalikų Bažnyčia / Catholic Church.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje nagrinėjamas Vilniaus amatininkų religinis gyvenimas XVI a. antroje pusėje. Šiuo tyrimu siekiama išsiaiškinti individualius ir bendrus įvairių Vilniaus amatininkų cechų religinio gyvenimo bruožus. Analizuojant normatyvinius aktus pasitelkti miesto kasdienybę atspindintys dokumentiniai duomenys, leidžiantys atsekti ryšius tarp skirtingų luomų atstovų. Tokiu būdu amatininkų religinio gyvenimo permainos parodomos kaip sudedamoji kur kas platesnio konfesionalizacijos proceso dalis. [Iš leidinio]Reikšminiai žodžiai: Vilnius; Amatininkų cechai; Religinis gyvenimas; Maldingumo praktikos; Katalikų Bažnyčia; Konfesionalizacija; Tarpkonfesiniai santykiai.

ENThe aim of this article is to uncover the modes of communal religious activities among Catholic artisans of Vilnius in the time of Protestant Reformation and the incipient Catholic Reform. It has turned out that different guilds of artisans tended to regard communal worship with varying degrees of importance. The extant sources suggest that goldsmiths, barbers, shoemakers, smiths, shearmen, butchers, masons, and tailors were most active in emphasizing the religious obligations and the duties of mutual assistance among the representatives of their respective crafts. Tailors and masons stand out among the rest by dint of their emphasis on Roman Catholic credentials in their guilds. This can partly be explained by their close relationship with Vilnius Cathedral Chapter. Both – the clergy and artisans acted in tandem in attempt to regain and maintain the dominant position of the Roman Catholic Church in the multi-ethnic and multi-confessional milieu of the early modern Vilnius. It was the time when detailed prescriptions as to religious cult and paraliturgical practices began to proliferate. It was the time when the guilds of artisans assumed some features that constituted a hallmark of religious confraternities. The revival of the latter and the increasing importance attached to communal religious life in artisans’ guilds are to be viewed as expressions of the ongoing process of confessionalization in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. [From the publication]

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2019-11-17 15:19:20
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