Priesaika kaip juridinės kultūros elementas Žemaitijos teismuose XVII a. pradžioje

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Priesaika kaip juridinės kultūros elementas Žemaitijos teismuose XVII a. pradžioje
Alternative Title:
Oath as an element of juridical culture in early-seventeenth-century courts of Samogitia
In the Journal:
Lituanistica. 2021, Nr. 3, p. 155-167
1569-1795. Lietuva ATR laikotarpiu.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojama priesaika kaip juridinės kultūros elementas Žemaitijos žemės ir pilies teismuose XVII a. pirmajame dešimtmetyje. Tyrime naudojamasi keliasdešimt rankraštinių Žemaitijos žemės teismo bylų knygų ir vienintelės išlikusios to laikotarpio Žemaitijos pilies teismo knygos medžiaga. Priesaika nagrinėjama kaip LDK teisenos elementas, parodantis žemaičių bajorijos juridinės kultūros lygmenį. [Iš leidinio]Reikšminiai žodžiai: LDK teismų juridinė kultūra XVII a. pradžioje; Žemaitijos žemės teismo knygų rūšys; Priesaika; Trečiasis Lietuvos Statutas, 1588; LDK bajorija; Žemaitija (Samogitia); Juridical culture of the courts of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the early seventeenth century; Types of books of the land court of Žemaitija (Samogitia); Oath; Third Statute of Lithuania; Nobility of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

ENThe work is focused on the use of the oath in Samogitian land and castle court books at the beginning of seventeenth century. The oath was administered quite often and it was the fastest way to resolve one instance of litigation or another. According to the submitted examples of seventeenth-century court books, oaths were incriminating or exculpatory. Incriminating oaths (those of the plaintiff party) were more frequent. Administering an oath did not necessarily mean it would be fulfilled as they often ended in a reconciliation or postponement. Reconciliation under oath did not always mean that the defendant would be exempt from financial sanctions, which courts often imposed even after a formal conciliation. Partial oaths were also practiced: the oath would be divided into several segments and a person would swear to one segment of a charge and not to another. The postponement or withholding of oaths resulted not only from formal reasons but also from the desire not to err in hasty administration of justice. Keywords: juridical culture of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, oath, manuscript books of Samogitian castle and land courts, Third Statute of Lithuania, nobles of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, history of Samogitia. [From the publication]

0235-716X; 2424-4716
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2022-04-11 11:34:19
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