Teisminių ginčų nagrinėjimas iš esmės Žemaitijos teismuose XVII a. pradžioje

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Teisminių ginčų nagrinėjimas iš esmės Žemaitijos teismuose XVII a. pradžioje
Alternative Title:
Examination of the substance of cases in Samogitian courts of the early seventeenth century
In the Journal:
Lituanistica. 2021, Nr. 2, p. 87–99
Keywords:
LT
Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); 17 amžius; Žemaitija (Samogitia); Bajorija; Teismai; Statutas, 1588; Teismų knygos; Bylinėjimasis; Bylų tyrimas.
EN
17th century; Samogitia; Nobility; Courts; Statute of Lithuania, 1588; Court books; Litigation; Case investigation.
Summary / Abstract:

LTRemiantis XVII a. pradžios Žemaičių žemės ir pilies teismų knygų medžiaga, straipsnyje analizuojama, kaip sprendžiant bylas iš esmės naudotasi pateiktų raštiškų įrodymų patikra, liudininkų parodymais ar bylos aplinkybių tyrimu incidentų vietose. Raštiškų įrodymų tyrime svarbiausia buvo jų patikimumas. Daugiausia dėmesio skirta dokumento autentiškumui ir liudininkų patikimumui. [Iš leidinio]

ENSummary Based on the manuscripts of the early-seventeenth-century books of Samogitian land and castle courts, the article shows that the examination of the cases was based on the verification of the submitted written evidence, testimonies of witnesses, or investigation of the circumstances of cases at the scenes of incidents. Reliability was the most important aspect in the study of written evidence. The main focus was placed on proving the authenticity of the document. A slightest suspicion that the document had been corrected or supplemented immediately provoked protests from the opponents. The origin of the witnesses and their property status were the main reliability criteria. In courts, testimonies given by local nobility were considered more valuable than the testimonies of peasants, and testimonies of non-native nobles (mostly arrivals from Poland) or even their origin were often questioned. Scrutiny, or the examination of the circumstances of the case at the scene of the incident, was not frequent, although this action was sometimes performed without including the term ‘scrutiny’ as such in court books. [From the publication]

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.6001/lituanistica.v67i2.4443
ISSN:
0235-716X; 2424-4716
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Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/93676
Updated:
2022-03-16 15:24:35
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