Konstantino Sirvydo žodynų ir dabartinės rytų aukštaičių patarmės prieveiksmiai

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Konstantino Sirvydo žodynų ir dabartinės rytų aukštaičių patarmės prieveiksmiai
Alternative Title:
Adverbs in the Konstantinas Sirvydas' dictionaries and modern Eastern Aukštaitian subdialect
Konstantinas Sirvydas; Liaudies kultūra / Folk culture; Kalbos dalys. Morfologija / Morphology; Tarmės. Dialektai. Dialektologija / Dialects. Dialectology.
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: Rytų aukštaičiai; Dabartinė rytų aukštaičių patarmė; Konstantinas Sirvydas; Konstantino Sirvydo žodynai; Prieveiksmiai; Eastern Aukštaitian subdialect; Modern Eastern Aukštaitian subdialect; Konstantinas Sirvydas; Konstantinas Sirvydas’ dictionaries; Adverbs.

ENSome more confusing dialectal things in Konstantinas Sirvydas' dictionaries are discussed at the beginning of the article: too consistent conversion of the diphthongs an, am, en, em into un, um, in, im (there are exceptions to this law in all current dialects of Eastern Aukštaitians), and inconsistent writing of the old vowel ā (both a and о can be written even in the same word). The article further discusses the survival, disappearance and increase in the number of adverbs in the Eastern Aukštaitian subdialect from the 17th century to the present day. A large number of adverbs recorded by Sirvydas have survived unchanged in all Lithuanian dialects and Standard Lithuanian. However, a large part of the adverbs used by Sirvydas have disappeared or changed significantly. Some of them are formed in an unusual way; therefore, they might be neologisms created by Sirvydas himself. Sirvydas' dictionaries contain very few adverbs of non-Lithuanian origin. Their number is quite large in the current Eastern Aukštaitian subdialect. Adverbs with the suffix -(i)ai prevail in the Standard Lithuanian language, in all dialects and Sirvydas' dictionaries. Sirvydas made a lot of adverbs with this suffix from active and passive participles of different tenses. This type of word-formation is not popular nowadays. A lot of adverbs of pronominal origin were used in the 17th century and they are still in use today. Compound adverbs, which are currently popular in dialects, are most likely a novelty, because none of them are found in Sirvydas' dictionaries. The lengthening of adverbs by means of different inflectional and formative morphemes is widespread in Eastern Aukštaitian and other subdialects. The shortening of adverbs is less popular. The lengthening of adverbs is limited in Sirvydas' dictionaries, and only six cases of their shortening were found. [From the publication]

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2022-01-28 20:33:50
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