Geležies amžiaus strėlės Lietuvoje : (II-XII-XIII amžius)

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knyga / Book
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Geležies amžiaus strėlės Lietuvoje: (II-XII-XIII amžius)
Alternative Title:
Iron age arrows (2nd - 12th -13th centuries)
Publication Data:
Vilnius : Generolo Jono Žemaičio Lietuvos karo akademija, 2004.
136 p
Lietuvos kariuomenės istorija
2 amžius; 3 amžius; 4 amžius; 5 amžius; 6 amžius; 7 amžius; 8 amžius; 9 amžius; 10 amžius; 11 amžius; 12 amžius; 13 amžius; Archeologiniai tyrinėjimai / Archaeological investigations; Kapinynai. Pilkapiai / Barrow. Burials; Kariuomenė / Army; Piliakalniai / Hilforts.
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: Geležies amžius; Piliakalniai; Kapinynai; Kultūrinis sluoksnis; Distancinė kova; Ginklai; Lankai; Strėlių tipai; Antgaliai; Iron age; Hillfort; Grave field; Cultural layer; Distance fight; Weapons; Bows; Types of arrows; Arrowpoints.

ENBows and arrows were the main weapons in distant combat, but neither bows or their separate fragments, nor surviving arrows have been foimd at the hillforts of Lithuania. Neither were they deposited in the burials of the dead. We know bows and arrows from scarce references in written sources and scanty monographic material as well as finds from the archaeological monuments of the neighbouring countries. These weapons therefore remain the least known segment of the material culture of Lithuanian inhabitants of the "hillfort times". The main archaeological source facilitating perception of these weapons are arrowheads found in the cultural layers of hillforts. To date, there are no generalizing publications on arrowheads in Lithuania. The time has come to prepare a catalogue of arrowheads from Lithuanian hillforts, draft a consolidated classification of arrowheads and make an effort to adjust their chronology. These are the main objectives of the present study. This study focuses on the analysis of iron arrowheads, which were most extensively used in the 1st millennium and beginning of the 2nd millennium, i.e. before the formation of the State of Lithuania in the 13th century and which are basically found in hillforts, and very seldom at burial sites or hoards. Arrowheads made of bone or antler and those, which were recovered in the cultural strata of hillforts and towns dating later than the 13th century, are not being discussed. [...]. [From the publication]

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