Anoniminio Katekizmo (1605) priesaginiai veiksmažodžiai denominatyvai ir deverbatyvai

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Anoniminio Katekizmo (1605) priesaginiai veiksmažodžiai denominatyvai ir deverbatyvai
Alternative Title:
Denominatives and deverbatives suffixed verbs in the anonymous Catechism (1605)
In the Journal:
Res humanitariae. 2023, t. 31, p. 31-46
Keywords:
LT
Žodžių daryba. Žodžio dalys / Word formation. Parts of a word; Kalbos dalys. Morfologija / Morphology.
Summary / Abstract:

LTŠiame straipsnyje nagrinėjami Anoniminio katekizmo (1605) priesaginiai veiksmažodžiai denominatyvai ir deverbatyvai, t. y. priesagų vediniai iš vardažodžių ir veiksmažodžių. Iš šio šaltinio buvo išrinktos visos priesaginių veiksmažodžių formos ir jų vediniai. Iš viso surinkta 301 žodis. Nustatyti nepasikartojantys priesaginiai veiksmažodžiai, jie apibendrinti, atsiribojant nuo priešdėlių. Taip sužinota, kad Anoniminiame katekizme yra 105 nepasikartojantys priesaginiai veiksmažodžiai. Rasti priesaginiai veiksmažodžiai buvo suskirstyti į sinchroniškai neskaidžius ir skaidžius, vėliau išsiaiškintas pastarųjų darybos pamatas ir darybos kategorijos. Nustatytas Anoniminio katekizmo deverbatyvų ir denominatyvų santykis, darybos kategorijos, priesagų dažnumas ir darumas. Pagrindiniai žodžiai: veiksmažodžiai, denominatyvai, deverbatyvai, priesaga, darybos kategorija. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe study of suffixed verbs in old scripts is relatively limited, so this article focuses on denominatives and deverbatives, i.e. suffixed verbs, the base words of which are nominals and verbs, found in the anonymous Catechism published in 1605 (hereafter AC). The aim of this paper is to determine the relationship between denominatives and deverbatives in the AC, their derivational categories, suffix frequency, and derivability. All forms of suffixed verbs and their derivatives were selected from the Catechism in question, indicating infinitive, the present tense and the past tense of the verb. The total number of collected words is 301: out of these, non-repeating suffixed verbs were identified, and prefixed derivatives were separated. This resulted in 105 non-repeating suffixed verbs in the AC. Suffixed verbs in the AC were first analysed derivationally, distinguishing between synchronically non-segmentable and segmentable verbs. The latter were found in 56 cases. Denominatives account for 31 % of all the suffixed verbs in this source, and deverbatives for 19 %, which means that the number of AC derivatives from nominals is slightly higher. The denominatives in the AC are divided into three categories of derivation, with the following general meanings: ‘to do this or that which is stated in the base word’ (sequentials); ‘to be this, that; to feel, to have this or that which is stated in the base word’ (statives); and ‘to behave in the same way that a person or other being named by the base word behaves’ (derivatives of the status-matching meaning).There are also three derivational categories of deverbatives: ‘to do so that the action described by the base word happens’ (causatives); ‘to do repeatedly, at intervals, what the base word says’ (iteratives); ‘to be in a state that is the result of the action described by the base word’ (resultatives). Summarising the derivation of all these categories, it can be said that the suffixes inti, -ina, -ino, -yti, -o (-ia), -ė and -ėti, -i (-ia), -ėjo prevail in the derivation of denominatives and deverbatives in the AC, and -yti, -o (-ia), -ė and -ėti, -i (-ia), -ėjo are also very predominant in non-segmentable verbs. Key words: verbs, denominatives, deverbatives, suffix, category of derivation. [From the publication]

DOI:
10.15181/rh.v31i0.2581
ISSN:
1822-7708; 2538-922X
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/106051
Updated:
2023-12-27 16:33:45
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