Poręczenie za kniazia Żedywida a wydarzenia lat 1392-1393 w Wielkim Księstwie Litewskim

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lenkų kalba / Polish
Poręczenie za kniazia Żedywida a wydarzenia lat 1392-1393 w Wielkim Księstwie Litewskim
Alternative Title:
Surety for duke Żedywid and the events of 1392-1393 in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
In the Journal:
Zapiski historyczne. 2020, t. 85, z. 3, p. 71-104
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė; Jogaila; Vytautas Didysis; Kunigaikštis Jonas Žedevidas; Rusėniškoji paleografija; Viduramžių diplomatija; Viduramžių dokumentai; Laidavimas. Keywords: Grand Duchy of Lithuania; Władysław II Jagiełło; Vytautas the Great; Duke Zedywid; Old Ruthenian paleography; Medieval diplomatics; Medieval documents; Surety. Reikšminiai žodžiai: 14 amžius; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Vytautas Didysis, 1350-1430 (Vytautas the Great); Vladislovas II Jogailaitis, 1456-1516 (Władysław II Jagiellończyk; Vladislav II Jagellonský; Ulászló II; Ladislaus II); Žadvydas (Żedywid); Valdovai; Kunigaikščiai; Paleografija; Diplomatija; Dokumentai; Laidavimas; 14th century; Rulers; Dukes; Paleography; Diplomatics; Documents; Surety; Vouching.
Bajorai, didikai ir magnatai / Nobles and magnates; Diplomatija / Diplomacy; Dokumentai / Documents; Laidavimas; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (Lietuva; LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Paleografija; Valdovai; Žadvydas (Żedywid).
Summary / Abstract:

ENThis article investigates the case of four Lithuanian-Ruthenian dukes vouching for Duke Żedywid before the Polish King Władysław II Jagiełło. The original Ruthenian document does not include a date nor does it contain any information about the circumstances in which the surety (poręczenie) was issued. There have been attempts to solve this riddle in the historical literature, with reference to information about Żedywid contained in primary sources, biographies and genealogies of the vouching dukes, and the political history of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the late fourteenth century. However, the majority of conclusions that have been drawn so far are based on misreadings of the text of the surety. The identification of the scribe who prepared the document has made it possible to determine its chronological framework, and information about the vouching dukes and King Władysław’s itinerary indicates that it was written between August 1392 and October 1393, most likely in Kraków. An attempt to put the surety into a broader political context requires us to take into account its possible connection with the actions undertaken by Vytautas aimed at extending and strengthening his power in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania after the Ostrów Agreement of 1392. This connection, however, remains only in the sphere of hypothesis. The exceptionally short diplomatic form of the document and lack of detailed information about these events and Żedywid himself in contemporary sources indicate that Żedywid’s actions did not pose any serious threat to Jagiełło. [From the publication]

0044-1791; 2449-8637
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2022-08-29 07:21:20
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