II-IV klasių mokinių humaniško elgesio su artimiausiais aplinkos žmonėmis bruožai.

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
II-IV klasių mokinių humaniško elgesio su artimiausiais aplinkos žmonėmis bruožai
Alternative Title:
The Characteristic Features of the 2nd-4th Formers’ Humane Behaviour when Children Associate with their Environment
In the Journal:
Pedagogika. 2001, 54, p. 12-18
Keywords:
LT
Pradinių klasių mokiniai; Humaniškumas; Humaniškas elgesys.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojami II-IV klasių vaikų humaniško elgesio su artimiausiais aplinkos žmonėmis bruožai. Apibendrinant gautus duomenis, daromos tokios išvados: Tiriamieji elgiasi su mokytojais, tėvais ir bendraamžiais skirtingai. Šių vaikų elgesys su suaugusiaisiais yra pakankamai humaniškas, nors ir dažnokai jiems pristinga atsakingumo, o štai II-IV klasių mokinių tarpusavio humaniško elgesio tobulinimas – aktuali pedagoginė problema. Ypač atkreiptinas dėmesys į jautrumo, atvirumo skatinimą. Pastebėta, kad mergaitės humaniškiau elgiasi su jas supančiais žmonėmis. Ypač jos skiriasi nuo berniukų savo jautrumu. Mergaitėms yra būdingesnis jautrumas (dėmesingumas, užuojauta ir iš dalies pagalba) nei orumas ar atvirumas, nes šios dvi humaniškumo apraiškos ne taip ryškiai atsiskleidžia jų elgesyje. Berniukams šiek tiek daugiau nei mergaitėms yra būdingas polinkis dominuoti, būti lyderiu. Tai greičiausiai lemia socialiniai, kultūriniai faktoriai, asmenybiniai, situaciniai skirtumai.

ENThe article presents research results on humanistic behaviour. The research was carried out with 331 2nd-4th form pupils in different cities of Lithuania. The data showed that their behaviour with teachers and parents was humane enough since most children were sensitive and frank with those people. Usually pupils retain their dignity, too. In their association with adults, most of all they lack sense of responsibility because usually only 21% of the primary school pupils keep their promises with teachers and 25.7% with parents. However, humane relationship with their classmates is a rather sore problem. When associating with the children of the same age, the 2nd-4th formers often lack frankness and sensitivity. Only about 4.5%-21.5% of children listen to each other’s problems, console, help, protect in difficult situations, and 9.4% share their things, plans, worries, etc. When analysing the results of children’s humane behaviour from the gender aspect, it was found that girls were more sensitive with their parents, teachers and children of the same age, a little more sincere, possessing more sense of dignity and responsibility. To be more exact, when associating with teachers, they are more sincere, with parent and teachers show more respect and with the children of the same age they are more forgiving. The results appeared to be similar with those of other Lithuanian and foreign researchers (L. Ruibytė, M. Gaigalienė, E. Martišauskienė, T. Parsons, H. Barry, M. Bacon, L.L. Child, etc.). Thus, it may be assumed that social, cultural, personal, and situational aspects cold predetermine the differences in gender.

ISSN:
1392-0340; 2029-0551
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/8499
Updated:
2018-12-20 22:53:19
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