Between "de jure" and "de facto": embedding Western concepts of social entrepreneurship in Post-Socialist reality

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Anglų kalba / English
Between "de jure" and "de facto": embedding Western concepts of social entrepreneurship in Post-Socialist reality
In the Journal:
Journal of social entrepreneurship. 2020, April, 1 pdf (28 p.)
Įmonės. Bendrovės / Companies. Enterprises; Verslas / Business.
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: Posocialistinė visuomenė; Post-socialistinė visuomenė; Socialinis verslas; Socialinis verslumas; Socialinės įmonės; Lithuania; Post-Socialist society; Social business; Social enterprises; Social entrepreneurship.

ENThis article takes a historical perspective to explain the development of the concept of social entrepreneurship, divergence between the forms of social enterprises (SEs) de jure and de facto in a post-Socialist society and approaches to typical tensions experienced by SEs as hybrid organisations. In this respect, the paper presents a framework of eight contrasting conceptual dimensions (i.e. possible institutional tensions) based on the analysis of prior social entrepreneurship studies and identifies respective tensions experienced by SEs based on data from Lithuania. The data were generated from semi-structured interviews (N¼11) with social entrepreneurship experts and from a survey with a semantic differential method in a sample of the participants (N¼98) in the largest conference on social entrepreneurship in Lithuania. This study concludes that understandings of social entrepreneurship in Lithuania are blurred by a dichotomy between SEs de jure and de facto which is set by current legal acts. The findings also indicate that social entrepreneurship insiders no longer perceive any controversy between social mission and businesslike activities. However, external attitudes as expressed in experts’ interviews may still hinder SEs’ attainment of social impact, one of the three dimensions (founding motives and innovation types being the other two) that is little reflected by social entrepreneurship insiders of a post-Socialist society in which the phenomenon is at a nascent stage. Directions for further research to bring contribution to institutional theory are suggested. [From the publication]

1942-0676; 1942-0684
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2021-02-02 19:08:17
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