Budslavo Dievo Motinos paveikslo istorija ir kultas iki XIX a. vidurio

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Budslavo Dievo Motinos paveikslo istorija ir kultas iki XIX a. vidurio
Alternative Title:
History and cult of Budslav Mother of God painting until the middle of the 19th с
In the Journal:
Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis [AAAV]. 2013, t. 69, p. 117-154. Kultiniai atvaizdai Lietuvos Didžiojoje Kunigaikštystėje: importas ir sklaida
Keywords:
LT
Budslavas; Roma; Lietuvos didžiosios kunigaikštystės dailė; Mažesnieji broliai observantai; Stebuklingieji Švč. Mergelės Marijos atvaizdai.
EN
Budslav; Rome; Art heritage of the Lithuanian Grand Duchy; Observant Franciscans; Miraculous images of the Mother of God.
Summary / Abstract:

LTBudslavo bažnyčia nuo XVII a. buvo visoje Lietuvoje žinomas piligrimystės centras dėl joje saugomo Dievo Motinos paveikslo, tikinčiųjų laikomo stebuklingu ir 1998 m. vainikuoto popiežiškomis karūnomis. Šiame straipsnyje analizuojami šaltiniai apie paveikslo kilmę ir perdavimo bernardinams aplinkybes, aptariama kūrinio meninė forma. Plačiau nagrinėjamos Budslavo Dievo Motinos atvaizdo kulto apraiškos: šventovės ir paveikslui skirto altoriaus statyba bei perstatymai, atvaizdo grafinės ir tapytos kopijos. [Iš leidinio]

ENSince the 17th c, Budslav Church has been a centre for pilgrimage renowned in the whole of Lithuania due to the Mother of God painting, which is held there and believed to be miraculous. This article analyses the written sources describing the origin of the painting and the circumstances surrounding the Observant Franciscans acquisition of it and also discusses the artistic expression of the painting, which confirms the story of the painting being brought from Rome. The occurrences of the cult of Budslav Mother of God painting are researched in depth: the construction and reconstructions of the church and the altar, which were intended for the painting and also etched and painted copies of the painting, etc. The analysis of written sources has shown that the construction and later reconstructions of the church were directly connected to the development of the Mother of God cult. The research also highlights the importance of Budslav Mother of God painting in the Greek Catholic Church of the Lithuanian Grand Duchy, with this being the first time that this particular aspect has been noted. The data found in the sources reveals that the fame of the painting was instrumental in attracting Protestants to the Catholic Church and also strengthening the relation between the Catholic and Greek Catholic Churches through the shared cult.The article discloses that the Bernardines (Observant Franciscans) in spreading the cult of the painting, paid considerable attention to its visual aspect - the surroundings of the painting, impressive altars, and majestic temples which were designed as architectural reliquaries for the miracle image. It is noted that all previous research had interpreted the data incorrectly from the sources about the church. The church, fragments of which have survived, was built of brick in the 17th c, and was much larger and of a different style than was thought before. The article also corrects the dates of the interior decorations set by previous research - of the wall murals and the construction of the main altar. The data in the sources relating to the other means of spreading the cult - religious festivities, oral compositions by the Observant Franciscans, and the distribution of copies of the painting are also discussed. The widely spread copies of Budslav Mother of God painting which remain in sacral buildings and museums indicate that the cult was influential in a large part of the Lithuanian Grand Duchy and also Poland and the painting was worshipped by both Catholic and Greek Catholic Churches. [From the publication]

ISBN:
9786094471094
ISSN:
1392-0316
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Updated:
2018-12-17 13:40:28
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