Kiedy poglądy religijne stają się nieważne: medycy protestantów Mikołaja Radziwiłła "Czarnego" (1515-1565) i Radziwiłłów na Birżach i Dubinkach

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lenkų kalba / Polish
Kiedy poglądy religijne stają się nieważne: medycy protestantów Mikołaja Radziwiłła "Czarnego" (1515-1565) i Radziwiłłów na Birżach i Dubinkach
Alternative Title:
When religious views become irrelevant. The physicians of the protestants - Mikołaj the Black Radziwiłł (1515-1565) and the Biržai-Dubingiai line of the Radziwiłł family
In the Journal:
Rocznik Lituanistyczny. 2020, 6, p. 77-94
Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė. LDK (XIII a. – 1569) / Grand Duchy of Lithuania. GDL.
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: Mikalojus Radvila Juodasis; Biržų ir Dubingių Radvilos; Protestantai; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė; Protestantų gydytojų grupė. Keywords: Mikolaj the Black Radziwill; The Birzai and Dubingiai line of the Radziwill family; Protestants; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; Group of Protestant physicians.Reikšminiai žodžiai: Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Radvilos (Radziwill; Radvila family); Mikalojus Radvila Juodasis, 1515-1565 (Nicholas Radziwill the Black); Didikai; Protestantai; Gydytojai; 16 amžius; Protestants; Physicians; Magnates; 16th century.

ENThe article analyses the group of physicians who served the most prominent Protestants in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania – Prince of Olyka and Nesvizh (Polish: Ołyka i Nieśwież) Mikołaj the Black Radziwiłł, who was also a Voivode of Vilnius, and the Biržai-Dubingiai (Polish: Birże-Dubinki) line of the Radziwiłł family. The analysis of this group of professionals showed the dominance of Protestant denomination among them. The Radziwiłłs employed more willingly Protestant physicians at their court, and were more willing to go to the centers of Protestantism (Gdańsk or Lublin) for treatment. In addition, they supported the famous European Protestant physicians of their time. Nevertheless, faced with the fact that in the GDL, especially in the sixteenth century, there was a lack of qualified specialists, magnates did not hesitate to approach medics of another faith if they were indeed better specialists or if there were no Protestant physicians close at hand. When in need, religious views were no longer of importance, and Catholic, Orthodox or Jewish doctors were employed. All physicians treating the members of the Protestant Radziwiłł family were the professionals of the highest caliber. The article concludes that both the tradition of employing professional physicians, the system of protection, and especially the family model (a considerable number of mixed marriages in terms of religion) had a great impact on the selection of the Protestant physicians of the Radziwiłłs. [From the publication]

2450-8446; 2450-8454
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2022-12-27 18:34:59
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