Terminai internetinėje žiniasklaidoje (žvalgomasis tyrimas)

Direct Link:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Terminai internetinėje žiniasklaidoje (žvalgomasis tyrimas)
Alternative Title:
Terms in online media (pilot study)
In the Journal:
Terminologija. 2020, 27, p. 108-127
Sudėtinis terminas; Variantas; Sinonimas; Determinologizacija; Internetinė žiniasklaida; Tekstynas; Pastovusis junginys.
Complex term; Variant; Synonym; Determinologization; Online media; Corpus; Multi-word-expression.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje siekiama nustatyti, kurių sričių terminai dažniausiai patenka į kasdienę internetinę žiniasklaidą ir ar tie populiarieji terminai ryškiau pakinta (aptariamas terminų varijavimas, determinologizacija). Žvalgomojo tyrimo objektas – dvižodžiai terminai viešai prieinamame DELFI.lt tekstyne, kuris sudarytas iš to paties pavadinimo naujienų portale 2014–2016 m. publikuotų tekstų. Taikoma metodika, nors ir turi trūkumų, bet leidžia (kiek tai įmanoma) analizuoti terminus be išankstinio nusistatymo – iš anksto nenumatant nei srities, nei konkrečių terminų. [Iš leidinio]

ENMedia is one of the major ways through which terms reach a non-professional audience. The article attempts to determine the domains from which terms usually get into the daily online media and whether the most popular terms undergo any more prominent changes (terminological variation, determinologization are discussed). The research focuses on two-word terms. The study on the terms used in the media is based on the corpus of the news portal DELFI.lt (http://tekstynas.mwe.lt/). The research was carried out in several stages. First of all, the list of bigrams gathered from the corpus (http://resursai.mwe. lt/atsisiusti) was reviewed and two-word terms (to be more precise, the forms of terms, because the list is not lemmatized) where at least one form demonstrates the frequency higher than 500 were identified. In this way, 461 two-word term forms were selected, resulting in 317 different terms. The selected terms were then divided by domain. Finally, the concordances of the chosen composite terms in the corpus were analysed. Though such methodology has certain weaknesses, it enabled us (as much as possible) to analyse terms without any prejudices, i.e., by not anticipating the field or specific terms. Though it is only a pilot study, we can nevertheless grasp certain tendencies of term usage in the media: 1) The most common two-word terms used in the media are varied subject-wise – they belong to over twenty domains. Such findings were received by limiting with the largest domains only. 2) The popularity of a part of the terms in the media is increased by composite proper names relevant to it. 3) Even popular media terms demonstrate formal variation and synonymy. It also pertains to the terminology coming from the respective domain in which a concept is named in multiple ways; stylistic factors play a role as well. Unmotivated variation may be explained by inadequate attention to expression.4) We cannot say that the consistent use of certain terms in a different form than provided in terminography is a characteristic feature defining the usage of terms in the media – they could have come into the media in such a form straight from professional discourse (including spoken). 5) Cases of determinologization were identified among the two-word terms which are popular in the media, which means that the audience of the online media is well familiar with them. [From the publication]

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2021-02-20 13:52:04
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