Pamokslininkų ordino šventųjų reprezentacija Lietuvos bažnyčiose

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Pamokslininkų ordino šventųjų reprezentacija Lietuvos bažnyčiose
Alternative Title:
Representation of the saints of the order of preachers in Lithuanian churches
Pamokslininkų ordinas; Reprezentaciniai atvaizdai; Šv. Dominykas; Šv. Tomas Akvinietis; Šv. Vincentas Fereras; Šv. Hiacintas; Šv. Kotryna Sienietė; Šv. Petras Veronietis; Zigmuntas Hilarijonas Piskovskis.
Order of preachers; Representative images; St. Dominic; St. Thomas Aquinas; St. Vincent Ferrer; St. Hyacinth; St. Catherine of Siena; St. Peter of Verona; Zigmunt Hilarion Piskowski.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje apžvelgiami Lietuvos dominikonų bažnyčiose buvę reprezentaciniai Pamokslininkų ordino šventųjų atvaizdai. Bendrais bruožais aptariama šių XVIII a. kūrinių ikonografija, siekiant išsiaiškinti, kokie šventųjų dominikonų veiklos ir dorybių aspektai buvo išryškinami, kokių krikščioniškų ir vienuoliškų vertybių pavyzdžiu jie buvo ir ką skelbė apie patį Pamokslininkų ordiną. Lyginimui pasitelkiamas hagiografinis Zigmunto Hilarijono Piskovskio veikalas "Pamokslininkų ordino šventųjų, palaimintųjų ir Viešpačiui malonių brolių ir seserų gyvenimų aprašymai" (1760). [Iš leidinio]

ENThe monastic orders formed their identities following the spiritual, ethical and historical values that were important to them, and a whole approach was reflected in their theological, historiographic and hagiographic texts. A similar approach can be used evaluating the objects of art that functioned in monasteries. The knowledge of past events recorded in the descriptions of the life of the Saints and works of art was an important set of ethical and moral examples that led to comparisons, acceptance of correct decisions and creation of standards. The iconography of the Saints reveals the priorities of the Order and historical tradition. The article gives an overview of the representative images of the Saints of the Order of Preachers in the Dominican churches in Lithuania. The study aims to ascertain, which aspects of the activities and virtues of the Dominican Saints were highlighted in the images, what examples of the values they were and what they messaged about the Order of Preachers. A hagiographic work "Żywoty SS. BB. у WW. Braci, у Sióstr zakonu Kaznodzieyskiego" by Zigmunt Hilarion Piskowski published in 1760 was used to compare verbal and visual representation. A review of the surviving altars images from the Dominican churches in Lithuania (predominate works o f the 18th century), and comparing them with the hagiographic literature of the same period, it was noticed that the totality of the images does not reflect the full diversity of the activities and spiritual characteristics of the Saints recorded in the texts. Only the most important and essential images representing the Saint person (preacher, martyr, mystic) were depicted in the works of art. The monographic structure of each work is usually made up of several saint-specific attributes that supplement the underlying visual representation with secondary meanings and nuances.St. Dominic is venerated in the Dominican church in Lithuania as the founder of the Order and the creator of Dominican spirituality. The images of St. Thomas Aquinas express the teachings of the Order of Preachers and the value of education in strengthening the Catholic faith. St. Vincent Ferer implies the intense preaching as the main priority of the Order. The images of St. Peter of Verona express his willingness to die for the faith. The priority of mystical experience is assigned to St. Catherine of Siena. The images of St. Hyacinth express piety to the Virgin Mary, the patron of the Dominican Order. In the 18th century, the representation of active pastoral work based on deep piety and education was of great importance in the Dominican Order. [From the publication]

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2020-12-16 18:49:21
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