„Kas tiesa – tai ne melas“: tiesos ir melo konceptualizavimas lietuvių paremijose

Direct Link:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
„Kas tiesa – tai ne melas“: tiesos ir melo konceptualizavimas lietuvių paremijose
Alternative Title:
“What is true is not a lie”: conceptualization of truth and lie in Lithuanian proverbs
In the Journal:
Tautosakos darbai [Folklore Studies]. 2019, 58, p. 27-43
Tiesa; Melas; Vertybė; Pasaulio vaizdas kalboje; Paremija.
Truth; Lie; Value; Linguistic worldview; Paremia.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje bandoma rekonstruoti tiesos ir melo kalbinį-kultūrinį vaizdą lietuvių paremijose1. Tyrimu norima atskleisti, kas yra tiesa ir melas lietuvių patarlėse, kaip šios sąvokos suvokiamos, su kuo siejamos, kurioje aksiologinės skalės vietoje atsiduria. Analizės pabaigoje pateikiamos lietuvių paremijose išryškėjusios kalbinės ir kultūrinės tiesos ir melo definicijos. Tyrimas atliktas remiantis Jerzy’io Bartmińskio, Liublino etnolingvistikos mokyklos pradininko, pasiūlyta kalbos pasaulėvaizdžio atkūrimo metodologija. Paremijų analizė ypač svarbi tiriant pasaulio vaizdą kalboje, nes tai tekstai, kuriuose atsispindi liaudies filosofija, bendruomeninė pasaulėžiūra, pasaulio vertinimas ir požiūris į jį. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article presents a linguistic cultural analysis of Lithuanian proverbs and sayings about truth (tiesa) and lie (melas). The analysis aims at restoring the linguistic cultural picture of these values in Lithuanian paremias. Proverbs and sayings are especially informative for the analysis of linguistic worldview. Being used by the people of different age, education and social background, they are an integral part of a national cultural life. Proverbs are repetitive, passed from generation to generation and thus forming cultural stereotypes and linguistic worldview. They contain a lot of information on the values upheld by a certain community. The analysis is based on S-A-T methodology developed by Lublin school of ethnolinguistics and presents the following linguistic cultural image of Lithuanian truth and lie: truth and lie are opposites placed on the opposite sides of the axiological axis. Lie is a great evil to be avoided as much as possible.Lies can be numerous and different, depending on who is lying and for what reason. Lie can be of different degree and can be measured. Lie is usually more attractive than truth and can be necessary to extricate people from difficult situations; nevertheless, lie is unconcealable. Lie is often personified; it is presented as a living and moving object, which is faster than truth. Truth is a virtue to be followed and always observed. Truth is usually unique and integral, always obvious and clear. However, truth should be viewed with caution, as the semantic boundary between truth and lie is very vague: truth can be unjust (it is particularly prone to succumbing to force or money), and it can become a lie. Truth is often unreasonable and dangerous and usually unattractive. Truth is often personified and presented as blind. [From the publication]

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2020-04-22 10:01:32
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