Skirtingos lyties 14-16 metų mokinių socialinių įgūdžių panašumai ir skirtumai

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Skirtingos lyties 14-16 metų mokinių socialinių įgūdžių panašumai ir skirtumai
Alternative Title:
Similarities and differences of social skills among 14-16 year old male and female students
In the Journal:
Mokslas ir edukaciniai procesai [Science and process of education]. 2011, Nr. 3 (16), p. 120-127
Keywords:
LT
Mokiniai; Socialiniai įgūdžiai; Socialinių įgūdžių ugdymas.
EN
Social skills; Social skills training; Students.
Summary / Abstract:

LTTyrimu buvo siekiama atsakyti į probleminį klausimą, kokie yra skirtingos lyties 14-16 metų mokinių socialinių įgūdžių panašumai ir skirtumai. Temos naujumas pasireiškia tuo, kad 14-16 metų mokinių socialiniai įgūdžiai nepakankamai tyrinėti lyties aspektu. Buvo tiriami 256 Kauno miesto ir rajono bendrojo lavinimo mokyklų 8-10 klasių mokiniai (respondentų grupę sudarė 14-16 metų merginos (n = 128) ir 14-16 metų vaikinai (n = 128)). Situaciniams socialiniams įgūdžiams vertinti pasitelktas apklausos metodas. Tiriant 14-16 metų mokinių socialinius įgūdžius paaiškėjo, kad merginų socialinių įgūdžių lygis yra aukštesnis. [Iš leidinio]

ENThis study is focused on situational social skills among 14-16 year old male and female students. Situational social skills are simpler, they are based on positive habits of behavior in public places; that is why, probably fewest vacancies in training them were discovered in the process of the analysis of these skills. Adolescents assess their situational social skills, i.e. their ability to refuse, reaction to remarks, ability to contradict, to apologize, to admit one's mistake, to rejoice when praised, to start a conversation and to give a speech, to end a conversation, to ask for assistance, to tell nice words and to express one's feelings as average. Some authors claim that systematic and well-timed exploration and development of adolescents' social skills may help them enable to interact with peers, cooperate, interchange roles and the available roles of the social game. That is why it is likely that the social skills which are acquired with systematic development may be transferred to various areas of life and incite the development of a harmonious personality. A major group of researches frequently stress the negative consequences of the absence of social skills stemming from insufficient development of these skills. Researches showed that the development of social skills helps to maintain the eye contact, to apologize, ask for assistance and tell one's feelings. When the level of social skills is adequate, adolescents are less obstinate, they are less irksome, their language is richer, they look at the interlocutor's eyes, and they select more appropriate means of communication. This study is new, because the social skills among 14-16 year old male and female students have been not studied in detail.The article aims to answer the problem question, what are the similarities and differences of social skills among 14-16 year old male and female students. The object of research: social skills among 14-16 year old male and female students. The purpose of the study: to analyze similarities and differences of social skills among 14-16 year old male and female students. The sample consisted of 256 14-16 year old girls (n=128) and 14–16 year old boys (n=128) from schools in Kaunas, and its districts. The questionnaire method was used in the study. The evaluation of situational social skills is performed by using a questionnaire by Gambrill (1995) quoted from Hinch, Pfingsten, 1998, which was adapted by Šniras (2004). The adapted questionnaire deals with the following social skills: ability to refuse, reaction to remarks, ability to contradict, to apologize, to admit one's mistake, to rejoice when praised, to start a conversation and to give a speech, to end a conversation, to ask for assistance, to tell nice words and to express one's feelings. The questionnaire aims at evaluating the level of situational social skills (three degrees of criteria are singled out: low, average and high). The comparison of social skills among 14-16 year old girls and boys showed that girls had a higher level of situational social skills. It has been revealed that females show higher levels than males in the following situational social skills: apologize (p<0.05), admitting one's mistake (p<0.05), giving a speech (p<0.05), telling good words (p<0.05), telling what one feels (p<0.05). Females show higher levels of all these situational skills than males. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1822-4644; 2345-0681
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/38102
Updated:
2018-09-12 09:51:02
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