Materialiųjų investicijų analizė ir jų įtakos vertinimas

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Materialiųjų investicijų analizė ir jų įtakos vertinimas
Alternative Title:
Analysis of material investments and their influence estimation
In the Journal:
Verslo ir teisės aktualijos [Current issues of business and law]. 2010, t. 5, p. 186-203
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Bendrasis vidaus produktas; Investicijų dinamika ir struktūra; Materialiosios investicijos; Reguliavimo ir skatinimo priemonės; Dynamics and structure of investments; Gross domestic product; Material investments; Promotion and regulation tools.
Bendrasis vidaus produktas; Investicijos / Investments; Investicijų dinamika ir struktūra; Reguliavimo ir skatinimo priemonės.
Dynamics and structure of investments; Gross domestic product; Material investments; Promotion and regulation tools.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojamas materialiųjų investicijų klasifikacijos tobulinimas, materialiųjų investicijų reikšmė šalies ekonomikos plėtrai, vertinama jų įtaka bendrajam vidaus produktui ir darbo našumui. Taip pat pristatoma atlikta materialiųjų investicijų dinamikos ir struktūros analizė 1997–2008 metais, išnagrinėtos reguliavimo ir skatinimo priemonės Lietuvos ir užsienio šalių investicijoms pritraukti. [Iš leidinio]

ENInvestments are considered as a refusal of consumption in order to get more benefit in the future. Depending on the direction and purpose of the investments, they can be classified by many features. One of the most applied classification criteria is the division of investment to financial and capital (material and non-material). Although by investment extent in the world, financial investments overtake capital investments, the importance of the latter does not decline. That is exactly the material investments that contribute to the country renewal, implementation of innovations and creation of infrastructure which is necessary for business and social sphere. […] The authors suggest that the analysis of material investments should be conducted in a following order: 1) dynamics and structure analysis; 2) an estimation of influence on a gross domestic product and labor productivity; 3) revealing of the basic tools of promotion and regulation of investments. During the 1997-2008 analysis period, material investments to the Lithuanian economy were regularly growing - the average annual growth rate was 13,9%, total change comparing 2008 to 1997 was 294,2%. From 2000 to 2008, the biggest part of investments (about 64%) constituted the acquisition of buildings and engineering structures, construction and reconstruction. About 34% has been given to the equipment, although a permanent decline in this part is observable. From 2005 to 2007, in a real estate market a boom period emphasized the increase of sudden material investments to the land which have not been clearly observable in the previous and later periods.The 1997-2008 GDP, labor productivity and investment extent analysis shows a close relation between searching indicators. The correlation coefficient between material investments and GDP dynamics is equal to 0,988, the correlation coefficient between the value of direct foreign investments and GDP amounts to 0,990 and be unambiguous conclusion that material investments have a direct impact on labor productivity and the country's gross domestic product. Lithuanian investment promotion and regulation system is based on the measures that are primarily formed by central government through legal-legislative base. Although, the grounds of this base include the national legislation and various other programmes, a significant part is constituted of national obligations and agreements. Thus, the European Commission, World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund and other institutions and organizations significantly influence this process the aim of which is to create favorable conditions for business development as well as investment growth. […]. Direct foreign investment to business is not only additional source of funding but it also creates preconditions for the transfer to Lithuania of know-ledge and innovative technologies that help to ensure higher value-added goods and services. Therefore, the state of various incentives and regulation help should systematically develop and improve business conditions for local and foreign investors and guarantee such policy continuity in the long perspective. [From the publication]

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2017-08-25 13:13:28
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