Pensijų sistemų raida Lietuvoje

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Pensijų sistemų raida Lietuvoje
Alternative Title:
Development of pension schemes in Lithuania
In the Journal:
Filosofija. Sociologija [Philosophy. Sociology]. 2007, t. 18, Nr. 2, p. 64-80
Keywords:
LT
pensijų sistema; pajamos; socialinė politika.
EN
pension scheme; social policy; income.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje apžvelgiama pensijų sistemų istorinė raida Lietuvoje. Remiantis gerovės valstybės teorinėmis prielaidomis parodoma, kad pajamų apsaugos senatvėje sistemų atsiradimas susijęs su visuomenės modernizacija ir ją lydinčiais kapitalizmu bei demokratizacija. Pensijų sistemos Lietuvoje buvo kuriamos nenuosekliai dėl ilgamečio šalies nepriklausomybės praradimo. Bandoma ne tik parodyti pagrindinius sprendimus pensijų srityje per pastaruosius aštuoniasdešimtį metų, bet ir juos susieti su pačios visuomenės raida, su vyraujančiais socialinės politikos veikėjais ir jų interesais. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article is devoted to the emergence and development of pension schemes in Lithuania during the last eight decades. It examines both the factors of pension policy formation and the structure of the main pension schemes in the country. Pension history in Lithuania starts from introduction of occupational pension schemes for civil servants in the third decade of the 20th century. Industrialisation is one of the main factors for the development of social welfare in general and for public pension schemes specifically in all countries. However, a wide scale of industrialisation came to Lithuania together with the soviet occupation. For several decades the elderly and the disabled Lithuanians were protected by soviet pension policy. The effort to create a new public pension scheme in Lithuania was an integral part of the restoration of the independent state and reformation of the economic and political system in 1990. During the eighties, the Lithuanian governments developed the Bismarckian type of pension scheme. However, finally the neo-liberal ideology was accepted by the main political parties, including social democrats, and partial privatisation of social insurance pensions has started since 2004. [From the publication]

ISSN:
0235-7186; 2424-4546
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Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/11860
Updated:
2019-11-15 23:21:39
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