Romualdo Granausko esė "Dvylika juodvarnių, apie Daukantą lakstančių" kohezijos

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Romualdo Granausko esė "Dvylika juodvarnių, apie Daukantą lakstančių" kohezijos
Alternative Title:
Particularities of cohesion in the essay "Dvylika juodvarnių, apie Daukantą lakstančių" by Romualdas Granauskas
In the Journal:
Linguistica Lettica. 2018, 26, p. 299-322
Anafora; Darna; Elipsė; Esė; Gramatinė, leksinė- gramatinė; Kohezija; Leksinė; Lietuvių rašytojas Romualdas Granauskas; Nuoroda; Pakartojimas; Sanglauda; Sinonimai; Tekstluamas; Įvardis.
Anaphora; Coherence; Cohesion; Ellipsis; Essays; Grammatical, lexical-grammatical; Lexical; Lithuanian writer Romualdas Granauskas; Pronoun; Reference; Repetition; Synonyms; Textuality.
Summary / Abstract:

ENCohesion and coherence are the main criteria of text (textuality). Cohesion is expressed by lexical, grammatical and lexico-grammatical means. The means of lexical cohesion usually refer to the repetition of the same word or conjugate words, hyponyms and hyperonyms, synonymic words, word combinations, and antonyms. The usual means of grammatical cohesion are reference, ellipsis, substitution, while the means of lexico-grammatical cohesion are the words which cannot function as sentence parts (i.e. conjunctions and linking words, particles, parentheses). After the analysis of cohesion in the essay “Dvylika juodvarnių, apie Daukantą lakstančių” by Romualdas Granauskas, the following conclusions could be drawn: 1. Lexical, grammatical and lexico-grammatical means are used in the essay. Repetition as a lexical cohesive device is used in the text most frequently: the same lexical unit, conjugate words or word combinations are repeated in cohesive sentences in contact and remotely. The repeated lexical units reveal the use of denotation. Writer’s individual style is revealed by the cohesive contextual synonyms which have different connotations, while antonyms, hyponyms or hyperonyms are used not so often. 2. Alongside with repeated lexical units, demonstrative pronouns tas, šitas, which perform the function of emphasis, are often used in the essay. The pronoun tas performing the function of emergent marker of defineteness may be determined by the native (Samogitian) dialect. 3. Subject ellipsis and reference are the most frequently used means of grammatical cohesion in the essay: different lexical units that have nominative meaning are substituted with personal pronouns.4. The repeated elements (lexical units and pronouns) from the Functional Sentence Perspective usually take the position of theme, and the new information is provided by the sentence part which takes the position of rheme. 5. Anaphora prevails in the essay: different cohesive means refer to the previous information in the text. Cataphora is sometimes used as well. 6. Lexical, grammatical and lexico-grammatical cohesive means are often combined (they complement each other): pure repetition, synonymic change, the subject ellipsis and reference often correlate. Sentences linked by different connectors are joined by additive, adversative, temporal, and modal conjunction. [From the publication]

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2021-02-02 19:09:26
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