Regiono ekonominio augimo vertinimo metodologinės problemos

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Regiono ekonominio augimo vertinimo metodologinės problemos
Alternative Title:
Methodological problems of assessing economic growth of regions
In the Journal:
Regional formation and development studies. 2015, Nr. 1 (15), p. 134-146
Regionai; Regionų ekonominis augimas; Ekonominio augimo modeliai.
Regions; Regional economic growth; Economic growth models.
Summary / Abstract:

LTRegionų ekonomikos augimas ir įtakos tam turinčių veiksnių analizė – dažnai mokslininkų dėmesio susilaukianti tema. Nors regionų plėtros teorijų gausu, pažymėtina, kad vis dar susiduriama su ekonominio augimo vertinimo problema. Pažymėtina, kad empiriniai ekonominio augimo tyrimai dažniausiai atliekami pavienių valstybių, o ne konkrečios šalies regionų atveju. Straipsnyje analizuojamos pagrindinės regionų plėtros teorijos, išskiriami regionų ekonominį augimą skatinantys veiksniai, suformuluotos regiono ekonominio augimo vertinimo metodologinės problemos. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe importance of regional economic growth is emphasized in many countries and their regional policy documents. This issue is emphasized also by many researchers. D. Genaro and E. Melchor (2010) state that by the time of A. Smith, economists started to focus on a problem of economic growth. According to the authors, in recent years, economists have moved from economic interest in the operating cycle analysis to the medium and long-term revenue growth influencing factors analysis. This analysis is very important because as stated by L. Ayala and A. Jurado (2011), many countries or regions economic growth reduces poverty indicators; inequalities reduction is encouraging by policy measures. Despite ongoing national regional policy programs or the Structural Funds of the European Union or the Structural Funds, significant regional differences still exists. There must be emphasized the fact that in theories of regional development a lot of attention are paid on focus what conditions are favorable for creating economic growth in the region. There are focused on modernization of the economical sectors and international business development. The new models of regional development theories visible bring together economic, management and other modern concepts of social integration. The research problem: economic growth, including competitiveness, expansion factors were analyzed by Lithuanian scientists (Banytė, Salickaitė, 2008; Čiegis et al., 2009; Pukelienė, Maksvytienė, 2008; Snieška, Bruneckienė, 2009; Bruneckienė, Krušinskas, 2011; Rutkauskas, 2008 et al.).However, these scientists’s analysis is based on a national rather than regional level. In the context of assessment of regional economic growth methodological problems, it is necessary to mention the scientists who contributed to the analysis of regional development theories. The should be mentioned A. Kilijonienė and J. Bruneckienė (2011), A. Kilijonienė, Ž. Simanavičienė (2010), G. Burbulytė (2005), D. Štreimikienė (2001). However, it must be noted that are lack of analysis of the statements of regional development theories into practice, the identification of economic growth factors, the assessment of economic growth methodology on regional basis. This problem also is mentioned by J. Bradley (2006), who is arguing that the empirical growth studies tended to be predominantly aggregate and cross-country rather than disaggregated and country-specific.The subject of the article: regional economic growth. The purpose of the article: to investigate the methodological problems of assessment of regional economic growth. The objectives of the study: 1. To analyze the concept of the region. 2. To examine the theories of regions development and the drivers of region’s economic growth. 3. To set up the methodological problems of regional economic growth.Research methods: comparative and systematic analysis of scientific literature, generalization. According to the analysis of the concept of region, it must be stressed that the lack of one single concept of region influences difficulties in analyzing the economic growth of regions. The definitions of the region vary depending on the areas of emphasis and the evaluation criteria. In a general sense, the region is seen as a territorial unit, based upon the choice (s) of evaluation criteria (s). In scientific literature and theories of regional development, there are paid much attention to set up the favorable conditions for economic growth. In the new models of regional development theories there are visible integration of economic, management and other modern concepts of social integration. This is reflected in the cluster and endogenous development theories that emphasize the social objectives of regional development and coordination of economic aspirations. The region’s ability to provide a better standard of living for its people critically depends on the long-term economic growth rate. In the long term, even a small difference in economic growth rates between regions can turn into large differences in income of the average human. Regional economic growth in the evaluation process is time-consuming and financial resources demanding process. The main methodological problems of assessment the economic growth of region is abundance of the theories of economic growth and their incompatibility, the economic growth model uncertainty, the lack of a unified methodology, the lack of empirical research of the region’s economic growth influencing factors, the absence of one universal method that can ensure the region’s economic growth and is suitable for any circumstances. [From the publication]

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2022-01-12 21:21:12
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