Dėl iliatyvų laukan, laukuosun semantikos rytų aukštaičių vilniškių šnektose

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Dėl iliatyvų laukan, laukuosun semantikos rytų aukštaičių vilniškių šnektose
Alternative Title:
On the semantics of illatives laukan, laukuosun in the subdialects of the Eastern Aukštaitian of Vilnius
In the Journal:
Acta linguistica Lithuanica. 2013, t. 68, p. 92-104
Keywords:
LT
Iliatyvas; Iliatyvo prieveiksmėjimas; Iliatyvo semantika; Rytų aukštaičiai vilniškiai.
EN
Illative; Subdialects of the Eastern Aukštaitian of Vilnius.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje remiantis referencinės lingvistikos teoriniais principais aptariami leksemos „laukas" iliatyvo formų „laukan", „laukuosun" rytų aukštaičių vilniškių šnektose semantikos ypatumai. Keliami klausimai: kuo skirtinguose kontekstuose vartojami leksemos „laukas" iliatyvai skiriasi nuo apsibrėžtos šios formos funkcijos ir ar iliatyvo kaip paradigminio linksnio reikšmė skiriasi nuo pagrindinių leksemos „laukas" reikšmių. Taip pat aptariamas vienaskaitos iliatyvo „laukan" prieveiksmėjimo klausimas. [Iš leidinio]

ENScientific literature provides an in-depth discussion on the issues of formation and development of postpositive locatives in the Lithuanian language; the locatives in the old writings have received considerable attention in research studies. However, only individual linguists have so far focused on the semantic analysis of the afore-mentioned forms. The article discusses the illative forms "laukan", "laukuosun" of the lexeme "laukas" used in the subdialects of the Eastern Aukštaitian of Vilnius in the semantic aspect. The analysis is based on the theoretical principles of reference linguistics focusing on the interpretation of relations between linguistic expression and the reality and the importance of contextual information. After defining that the function of the illative is to denote the movement of one or another direction (from open to close space and vice versa), the article brings forward the tasks to identify: how the illatives of the lexeme "laukas" used in different contexts differ from the defined function of this form and whether the meaning of the illative, being a paradigmatic case, differs from the principal meanings of the lexeme "laukas". Four cases of usage of the illative "laukan", "laukuosun" associated with different contexts are separately discussed. After discussing the material, conclusions are made that the function of the illative forms of the lexeme "laukas" in the subdialects of the Eastern Aukštaitian of Vilnius is to specify the direction of action from a closed object into a specific open space delineated by certain boundaries and defined by certain targeted activities or from a closed object into an abstract open space without specific boundaries, which is not necessarily defined by certain targeted activities.The meanings of the illative under analysis do not differ from the meanings of the principal lexeme "laukas" in such cases when it is used to denote the direction of action to the cultivated land, crop area and place under the sky. The plural illative form "laukuosun" acquires a more vivid notional shade, when it is juxtaposed to the lexemes denoting the settled geographical object in different contexts. The singular illative form laukan denoting the direction of action to a place under the open sky, outwards, is considered a paradigmatic case, except for the cases, where it is used with the verbs denoting the meaning of expulsion (separation). Therefore, the form is inclined to adverbialization. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1648-4444
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/51121
Updated:
2018-12-17 13:36:33
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