Lietuvos regionų ekonomikos netolygumų vertinimai

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Lietuvos regionų ekonomikos netolygumų vertinimai
Alternative Title:
Evaluation of economic disparities in Lithuanian regions
In the Journal:
Ekonomika. 2003, t. 64, p. 84-91
Keywords:
LT
Ekonomika; Gamyba; Lietuvos regionai; Netolygumai; Regionai; Savivaldybės; Užimtumas; Verslo plėtra; Vertinimas.
EN
Business development; Disaparities; Economic; Employment; Lithuanian regions; Municipalities; Production; Regions; Valuation.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje pagrindžiamas integralinių indeksų naudojimas nustatyti Lietuvos probleminius regionus (savivaldybes, turinčias aštriausių socialinių–ekonominių problemų). Mažinti teritorines skirtybes – vienas iš ES prioritetų. Probleminių regionų ekonomikai atgaivinti ir konkurencingumui didinti Lietuvoje numatoma parengti ir įgyvendinti valstybines kompleksinės plėtros programas. Straipsnyje analizuojamos savivaldybių užimtumo, gamybos ir verslo efektyvumo sritys. Pagrindžiamas vidurkio indekso ir MINI MAX metodų panaudojimas. Remiantis indeksais apskaičiuoti savivaldybių rangų vidurkiai ir nustatytos savivaldybės, kur geriausia ir blogiausia situacija socialiniu–ekonominiu požiūriu. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article validates the relevance of the usage of intcgral indexes in order to estimate municipalities' condition of the distinct economical spheres on the grounds of 2001 year data. After Lithuanian accession into EU possibility to reduce regional economic disparities by redirecting ES structural funds allocations to problematic regions will occur. Thus the proper consideration should be attributed to the identification of those regions. The article concentrates on employment, industry and business effectiveness sectors. The usage of average index (evaluations are made by comparing to state average) and MIN/MAX index (evaluations are made by comparing to municipalities minimum and maximum values) is being justified. When counting integral employment index the Rowing indicators were evaluated: the number of old-agc and disablement pensioners per 1000 residents, the number of dead per 1000 residents, the number of employees without insurance, official rate of unemployment, the rate of permanent unemployment. The estimation of the industry index is based on the following indicators: industrial production sold, the extent of construction works, covering of agricultural production; the services provided. The business activities are unequally distributed among Lithuanian regions and the results of the entrepreneurs in the regions are diverse. When counting business index for Lithuanian regions the most important for the enterprises indicators were analyzed: the sales gross profitability, activity profitability coefficient, capital profitability, capital turnover. The article presents ten municipalities in the best condition and ten municipalities in the worst condition according to the above-mentioned employment, industry and business effectiveness sectors. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-1258; 2424-6166
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Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/34386
Updated:
2018-12-17 11:14:00
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