Vilniaus pirkliai krikščionys 1795-1824 metais: skaičius ir asmeninė sudėtis

Direct Link:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Vilniaus pirkliai krikščionys 1795-1824 metais: skaičius ir asmeninė sudėtis
Alternative Title:
Christian merchants in Vilnius in 1795-1824: numbers and personal composition
In the Journal:
Lituanistica. 2011, Nr. 1, p. 26-40
Vilnius. Vilniaus kraštas (Vilnius region); Lietuva (Lithuania).
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje nagrinėjama Vilniaus krikščionių pirklių grupė 1795–1824 metais. Po trečiojo Lenkijos ir Lietuvos valstybės padalijimo 1795 m. Vilniaus pirklių krikščionių grupėje vyko svarūs pokyčiai: 1795–1824 m. krikščionių pirklių skaičius sumažėjo penkis kartus ir pasikeitė pirklių asmeninė sudėtis. [Iš leidinio]Reikšminiai žodžiai: Pirkliai; Gildijos; Merchants; Guilds.

ENFollowing the Third Partition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1795, the group of Vilnius Christian merchants faced significant changes: during the period 1795–1824 their numbers reduced approximately five times. Such tendencies could be seen until the release of the manifesto on the merchant class in 1824, which changed the economic activity rights of townspeople and peasants, whereas the taxes liable to be paid by the peasant class reduced the competition between peasants and merchants. However, the number of Christian merchants remained rather low; the group already included a very low number of townspeople from Vilnius; foreigners and guests from other cities of the empire prevailed. The beginning of the 19th century witnessed changes in the personal situation of merchants. The majority of those who registered into guilds in 1795 did not register in 1798. In 1809, the merchant guild comprised only several merchants of the late 18th century and their family members. Only in the mid-1810s, when the political and economic situation entered the phase of stabilisation, the personal composition of Vilnius Christian merchants became rather fixed. Around twently merchants can be distinguished, which formed the very “core” of Vilnius Christian merchants in 1809–1824. [From the publication]

0235-716X; 2424-4716
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2018-12-17 13:03:08
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