Žydų miestiečių luominis statusas ir jo kaita XIX a. viduryje

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Žydų miestiečių luominis statusas ir jo kaita XIX a. viduryje
Alternative Title:
Estate status of Jewish townsmen and its change in the mid-nineteenth century
Keywords:
LT
Carinės Rusijos valdžios politika žydų atžvilgiu; Gardino gubernija; Kauno gubernija; Vilniaus gubernija; Žydai miestiečiai; Žydai, miestelėnai, luomas, statusas; Žydų miestiečių luominis statusas; Žydų miestiečių teisės
EN
Estate status of Jewish townsmen; Grodno gubernia; Jewish townsmen; Jews, estate, status, townspeople; Kaunas gubernia; Rights of Jewish townsmen; Tsarist Russia government policy toward Jews; Vilnius gubernia
Summary / Abstract:

ENIn "The Estate status of Jewish townsmen and its change in the mid-nineteenth century" Remigijus Civinskas reviews the changing Jewish position in the social class system. In essence, Civinskas discusses the efforts of the Russian authorities to incorporate the Jews into the urban class. He seeks to explain the goal of the Russian government under Nicholas I in dividing the Jews into "beneficial" and "unbeneficial" categories. According to Civinskas, this division succeeded only in emphasizing the exclusive status of the Jews in the urban class. Clear legal, ethnic, and religious boundaries between urban Jews and Christians remained. Civinskas asserts that the class status of the Jews slowly began to change under Alexander II. The government abandoned the ineffective division of Jews into categories and adopted several other decress that were intended to "bring closer together" urban Jews and Christians. (Jews were allowed to settle in Kaunas without restriction; they were allowed to reside in Trakai and in the center of Vilnius.) These measures were as far as the equalization of the rights of Jews and urbanites would go during the period of the "Thaw." Civinskas concludes that the tsarist government, fearing Jewish domination in urban administration and in class institutions, would go no further.

ISBN:
9986780594
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/60180
Updated:
2018-02-20 04:48:10
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