Kalbų vartojimas darbe didžiuosiuose Lietuvos miestuose

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Kalbų vartojimas darbe didžiuosiuose Lietuvos miestuose
Alternative Title:
Peculiarities of language usage at work in the largest Lithuanian cities
In the Journal:
Lietuvių kalba. 2011, 5, 1 pdf (15 p.)
Keywords:
LT
Anglų kalba; Kalba darbe; Kalbinis elgesys; Kalbų politika; Rusų kalba; Valstybinė lietuvių kalba.
EN
English; Language at work; Language politics; Language usage at work; Linguistic behaviour; Linguistic behaviour, language policy; Lithuanian state language; Official (state) Lithuanian; Russian.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnio tikslas – atskleisti trijų didžiausių Lietuvos miestų, Vilniaus, Kauno ir Klaipėdos, gyventojų kalbino elgesio darbo aplinkoje tendencijas, nustatyti miestiečių darbe vartojamas kalbas, kalbėjimo su skirtingais pašnekovais ypatumus, palyginti Vilniaus, Kauno ir Klaipėdos gyventojų kalbinę elgseną darbe. Remiantis kelių reprezentatyvių sociolingvistinių apklausų duomenimis, straipsnyje analizuojami bendravimo su skirtingais pašnekovais (bendradarbiais, vadovais ir klientais) ypatumai. Daugiausia dėmesio skiriama dažniausių kalbų darbo aplinkoje, lietuvių, rusų ir anglų, vartojimui, nagrinėjamos amžiaus, išsilavinimo veiksnių, tautinės tapatybės sąsajos su kalbų vartojimu darbe. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe aim of the article is to disclose the tendencies of linguistic behaviour among residents of three largest Lithuanian cities (Vilnius, Kaunas and Klaipėda) in work environment, to find out which languages are most often used by urban residents at work, to disclose the linguistic peculiarities in communication among different interlocutors, and to compare the linguistic behaviour of the residents of Vilnius, Kaunas, and Klaipėda at work. Based on the results of several representative sociolinguistic surveys, the article analyses the peculiarities of communication among different interlocutors (co-workers, managers and customers). The largest part of the article is occupied by the discussion of the most frequently used languages at work, i.e. Lithuanian, Russian and English. In addition, the article focuses on the correlation between language usage and such factors as age, education and ethnic identity. The analysis of the linguistic behaviour that the residents of the largest cities have demonstrated shows that the dominant language in labour environment is Lithuanian which is the state language. In all three cities Lithuanian is used in communication among workers most often and it is used with different interlocutors including colleagues, managers and customers. Kaunas is exceptional in the sense that the Lithuanian language is used in this city even more frequently than in Vilnius or Klaipėda. Lithuanian is used at work not only by Lithuanian residents but also by the non-native residents of the cities.The study has revealed that one language is not enough in professional environment of the largest cities. Although it is less frequent, the Russian language is used at work rather often too. This language is resorted to more frequently in Vilnius and Klaipėda. In these multilingual cities Russian is most commonly used in communication with co-workers, it is also rather often employed to speak with customers and less frequently used to talk with managers. This implies that Russian is not only the language of co-workers’ communication inside companies, institutions and organisations but it is also necessary in communication with customers. The Russian language is significantly more common among non-Lithuanian residents of the cities, however, in the multi-lingual cities of Vilnius and Klaipėda, more than half of Lithuanian respondents appear to be using Russian language at work too. The usage of the Russian language is specific in Kaunas as well. In this city not only Lithuanians but also Russians and other ethnicity residents use this language considerably less often than the residents of Vilnius and Klaipėda. Lithuania’s largest cities are facing quite a novel phenomenon – the introduction of English in professional environment. For the time being this language is not used at work very often, it is more commonly used in Vilnius and Klaipėda than in Kaunas. But the fact that the users of English are mostly young people who have better education and get larger income suggests that in the future the economic value of English will increase and the usage of this language at work in Lithuania is likely to increase. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1822-525X
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Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/29915
Updated:
2018-12-17 13:00:32
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