Administracinė teisė : interesų veiksnys įstatymų leidyboje

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Administracinė teisė: interesų veiksnys įstatymų leidyboje
Alternative Title:
Administrative law: the factor of interests in legislation
In the Journal:
Teisė. 2010, t. 74, p. 33-45
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Administracinė teisė; įstatymų leidyba; Legislation; Administrative law.
Administracinė teisė / Administrative law.
Administrative law; Legislation.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje nagrinėjama socialinių interesų įtaka administracinės srities įstatymų leidybai. Administracinės teisėdaros kertinis principas yra optimalus asmens ir visuomenės interesų derinimas: tai prielaida kurti socialiniu požiūriu teisingesnę pozityvinę teisę, atitinkančią Konstitucijos preambulėje skelbiamą teisinės valstybės siekį. Teigiama, kad interesų pusiausvyros įtvirtinimas įstatymuose gali keistis priklausomai nuo valstybės ekonominės raidos ypatumų. Nurodomos ir kai kurios subjektyvios priežastys, kodėl interesų derinimas administracinėje teisėje tam tikrais atvejais būna problemiškas. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article analyses how the principle of coordination of private and public interests is applied in administrative laws. The coordination of interests is an important imperative of the principle of a state under the rule of law. However, in the administrative jurisprudence this imperative has been investigated only fragmentically. It is stated in the article that while creating socially fair administrative law both private interests of physical and juridical persons, and public interests of the society and the state are significant. Therefore, it is important that all those interests would be optimally co-ordinated in the laws, and that their reasonable balance would be established. Analysing some administrative law acts, one may notice mistakes of the legislator. One of them is adoption or change of laws due to the influence of narrow interests (lobbyism). Such a mistake was made, for example, while regulating the taking of Private land for public needs. Therefore, later the legislator (the Seimas) had to correct this regulation. Ueikta 2009 m. lapkričio 9 d. Priimta publikuoti 2009 m. gruodžio 16 d. Another reason of defective coordination of private and public interests is an irresponsible view of the legislator to the quality of law. For example, the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Alcohol Control does not consolidate the principles of reasonability and fairness, and therefore unproportionally big economic fees are applied to business subjects. The article also states that priorities of private and public interests are subject to change. For example, due to economic and financial problems of the state there may be increased business taxes, and fees of social insurance. However, even in such a case the legal regulation has to be reasonable and proportionate.It means that the principle of coordination of private and public interests is not isolated (independent), in some cases it has to be based upon general principles of law. It is stated that the consolidation of the balance of interests in the laws may change with regard to peculiarities of economic development of the state. [From the publication]

1392-1274; 2424-6050
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2018-12-17 12:40:59
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