Zooarchaeology of the Late Bronze Age fortified settlements in Lithuania

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
Zooarchaeology of the Late Bronze Age fortified settlements in Lithuania
In the Journal:
Heritage. 2023, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 333-350
Keywords:
LT
Gyvenvietės (archeologija) / Settlements (Archaeology); Priešistorė (11 tūkst. m. pr. Kr. – XII a.); Lietuva (Lithuania); Garniai; Mineikiškės.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe economic model of the Lithuanian Late Bronze Age (1100–500 cal BC) has long been based on zooarchaeological collections from unstratified, multi-period settlements, which have provided an unreliable understanding of animal husbandry and the role of fishing and hunting. The opportunity to re-evaluate the previously proposed dietary and subsistence patterns arose after zooarcheological assemblages of Garniai 1 and Mineikiškės fortified settlements, dating only to the Late Bronze Age, were collected in 2016–2017 and 2020–2021. The new analysis revealed that the communities in these sites were mainly engaged in animal husbandry of small ungulates such as pigs, sheep/goats, which differed from western Lithuania and the rest of the Eastern Baltic. Moreover, it has been observed that hunting and fishing significantly declined after the Early Bronze Age (1700–1100 cal BC). Lastly, unusual traits for the Baltic region were identified including exceptionally highly fragmented bones and the consumption of molluscs, which could be attributed to the exploration of additional food sources in times of deprivation. Keywords: zooarchaeology; subsistence; diet; Late Bronze Age; East Lithuania. [From the publication]

DOI:
10.3390/heritage6010017
ISSN:
2571-9408
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Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/108018
Updated:
2024-05-31 15:15:54
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