Lietuvos gyventojų kalbinės nuostatos: konstanta ar pokyčiai?

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Lietuvos gyventojų kalbinės nuostatos: konstanta ar pokyčiai?
Alternative Title:
Attitudes of the Lithuanian population: constant or changing?
Keywords:
LT
Lietuva (Lithuania); Kalbos vartojimas. Sociolingvistika / Language use. Sociolinguistics.
Summary / Abstract:

LTŠiame skyriuje keliami keli tiriamieji klausimai: 1) ar skiriasi ir, jei taip, tai kaip skiriasi Lietuvos gyventojų kalbinės nuostatos, išreikštos 2008–2010 m. ir po dešimties metų – 2020 m.? 2) ar daro įtaką ir, jei taip, kokią įtaką nuostatoms ar jų kaitai daro konkretūs socialiniai veiksniai? Tiriamoji medžiaga buvo sudaryta iš tokių Vilniaus universiteto vykdytų projektų (plačiau apie projektus žr. šios monografijos įvade) duomenų: 1) 2020–2021 m. projekto „Lietuvos gyventojų kalbinės nuostatos ir kalbinis elgesys“; 2) 2007–2009 m. – „Kalbų vartojimas ir tautinė tapatybė Lietuvos miestuose“; 3) 2010–2012 m. – „Sociolingvistinis Lietuvos žemėlapis: miestai ir miesteliai“. [Iš straipsnio, p. 210]

ENThe chapter focuses on the following research questions: 1) Do the language attitudes of the Lithuanian population expressed in 2008–2010 differ from those identified ten years later, in 2020? If so, how? 2) Do specific factors influence language attitudes or their change? If so, how? The research material was compiled from the data collected during the following projects implemented by Vilnius University: 1) the project “Language Attitudes and Linguistic Behaviour of the Lithuanian Population”, implemented in 2020–2021; 2) the project “Language Usage and National Identity in Urban Areas of Lithuania”, 2007–2009; 3) the project “A Sociolinguistic Map of Lithuania: Cities and Towns”, 2010–2012. For the purposes of the study, the data from the two projects were merged and are discussed further in this section as the results for 2010, the year in which data collection was completed. Thus, the responses of the 679 respondents to the 2020 survey and the 4,367 respondents to the 2008-2010 survey were analysed. This chapter studies how language attitudes relate to the respondents’ gender, age, place of residence, mother tongue, and educational background. To analyse the data, two groups of respondents were formed for each social factor addressed: according to gender – groups of women and men; according to age – groups of younger (18–44 years old) and older (aged 45–74) respondents; according to place of residence – groups of inhabitants of cities and small towns; according to the mother tongue – native Lithuanian speakers and those with a different mother tongue; according to educational background - a division was made between respondents with higher education and those with lower than higher education [...].It was assumed that native Lithuanian speakers would have more stable attitudes towards their language. However, the data analysis revealed that the situation is different. Not only in the case of the instrumental attitude (the most necessary language), but also in that of an integrative attitude (the most beautiful language), there is an obvious decrease in the proportion of native speakers with a favourable attitude towards the Lithuanian language. On the contrary, the attitudes of non-native Lithuanian speakers towards the Lithuanian language, albeit in some cases to a small extent, are becoming stronger. This is shown, for example, by a statistically significant increase in the proportion of non-native speakers who see Lithuanian as the most common language: in 2010 about 27% of non-native speakers identified the Lithuanian language as the most necessary, and there were 43% of such respondents in 2020. Such a situation is similar to that of native speakers, who share the same opinion (52%). Thus, the native Lithuanian language is not the factor that contributes to maintaining stable attitudes in terms of the Lithuanian language, and, moreover, another, non-Lithuanian, native language is not an obstacle to expressing favourable attitudes towards Lithuanian.The last factor the influence of which is to be considered is the educational background of the respondents. The analysis showed that people with higher education have more stable attitudes towards the Lithuanian language, while the attitudes of respondents with lower than higher education have changed by a larger proportion. In summary, the biggest influence on the change in attitudes has been observed in the past decade, during which globalisation has accelerated, placing different economic values on languages. Thus, globalisation, which is intensifying over time, is clearly becoming a real incentive to take some steps in the field of language management. [From the publication p. 296-300]

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Updated:
2024-04-23 20:19:56
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