Dėl būdvardžių kaitybos ypatybių izoliuotose pietų aukštaičių šnektose

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Dėl būdvardžių kaitybos ypatybių izoliuotose pietų aukštaičių šnektose
Alternative Title:
On the inflection peculiarities of adjectives in isolated dialects of Southern Highlanders
In the Journal:
Valoda - .... Valoda dažādu kultūru kontekstā [Language. Language in Various Cultural Contexts]. 2007, P. 104-112. (Zinātnisko rakstu krājums ; 17)
Būdvardžių linksniavimas; Kalbų sąveika; Kirčiavimas; Tarmės. Patarmės. Šnekta. Dialektai. Dialektologija / Dialects. Dialectology.
Accentuation; Declension of adjectives; Isolated dialect; Language interference.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe paper focuses on isolated Lithuanian dialects, which belong to the dialect of Southern Highlandcrs and are located m the eastern part of the district of Varanavas, Belarus. The research of the last 10-12 years has identified a peculiarity of Varanavas dialects in that their grammatical structure does not manifest marked differences from other dialects of Southern Highlanders. On the one hand, dialects in Varanavas have preserved many archaic features. On the other hand, they have many innovations which evolved as a result of the inner development of the dialects as well as the impact of foreign languages, sometimes - of Standard Lithuanian. The paper offers an overview of several key peculiarities of the adjective inflection. The adjectival paradigm is compared to the noun paradigm, which is closest in nature. As attributes, adjectives can only be used with nouns or words replacing nouns. Gander, number and case forms of adjectives depend on the gender, number and case forms of the nouns they modify. However, in the dialects of Ramaškonys and Žirmūnai the inflictions of adjectives and nouns do not always agree, which is due to the fact that some features of the Lithuanian language have been forgotten. The forms of neuter gender sometimes replace adverbs, which is probably due to the impact of Slavic languages, because in Byelorussian the forms of the neuter gender and adverbs coincide.The declensions of adjectives of masculine and feminine gender in the dialects of Varanavas vary. By their endings masculine gender adjectives are closer to adjectival pronouns, whereas feminine adjectives are inflected for number and case in accordance with the declensions of nouns having the same stems as respective adjectives. The accentuation of adjectives is similar in many ways to the accentuation of adjectives in the dialects of other south-eastern part of the district. Dissyllabic adjectives usually follow accentuation class 3 or 4 of nouns. Accentuation deviations usually occur through analogy. Many adjectives that havc the sharp falling (acute) accent falling on the root (accentuation class 3) often follow the accentuation pattern characteristic of adjectives with the smooth rising (circumflex) accent or those characterised by a short stress (accentuation class 4). [From the publication]

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2022-02-21 12:29:53
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