Nauji juridinio asmens baudžiamosios atsakomybes kriterijai Lietuvos Respublikos teiseje

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Nauji juridinio asmens baudžiamosios atsakomybes kriterijai Lietuvos Respublikos teiseje
Alternative Title:
New criteria of criminal liability of a legal person in the Lithuanian national law
In the Journal:
Teisės problemos. 2018, Nr. 2 (96), p. 79-106
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojami juridinio asmens baudžiamosios atsakomybės taikymo kriterijų pokyčiai Lietuvos Respublikos įstatymų leidėjui 2016„m. lapkričio 10„d. atlikus Lietuvos Respublikos baudžiamojo kodekso 20„str. ir Lietuvos Respublikos baudžiamojo proceso kodekso 387„str. pakeitimus. Darbe aptariamas šių teisės normų pakeitimais įtvirtintas Lietuvos teisei naujas juridinio asmens baudžiamosios atsakomybės modelis, svarstoma, kiek būtini ir svarbūs šie pakeitimai, kokias naujas galimybes ir problemas juridinio asmens baudžiamosios atsakomybės taikymui jie atnešė. Straipsnyje taip pat aptariami išoriniai politiniai ir vidiniai teisiniai veiksniai, turėję įtakos juridinio asmens baudžiamosios atsakomybės pokyčiams nacionalinėje teisėje. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article deals with the issues of changes of criminal liability applied to a legal person a‹fter the changes in the Article 20 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Lithuania and in the Article 387 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Republic of Lithuania which have been made by the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania on the 10th of November 2016. The author is analysing how these changes were impacted by international obligations of Lithuania according to international conventions where the issues of criminal liability of a legal person are incorporated. The goal of this research is to introduce the main problematic insights of practical application and theoretical reasoning of changes made in the articles stated above. The author is analysing the changes of legal regulation throughout the identification of criteria of a natural person (who is performing in the benefit and interest of an enterprise) and his fault. This research is done using a deductive, systematic analysis and comparative methods of scientific research. The article stated that in the Lithuanian criminal law a new approach based on the aggregation doctrine was codifed. The author aims to highlight the problems that were caused by sudden changes of legal norms. A particular non-compliance between legal norms, which had been intended to regulate criminal liability of a legal person, has appeared.The author came to a conclusion that the changes of legal norms were made without a correction of other directly related legal norms. What was not taken into consideration was the limited scope of the legal norms, which had been constructed on the other doctrines of criminal liability, i.e. the identification doctrine. The basis of the undertaken research a conclusion was drawn that the codification of the new model of criminal liability of legal persons implicated the new terms such as a person who may have committed a criminal offence in the Lithuanian law. Thereby, it further implies a scientific discourse trying to define the limits between a suspect and a person who may have committed a criminal offence. It also provokes a discussion on a relation between the statement of a criminal offence which may have been committed and the presumption of innocence applied to a legal person and to a natural person, who is acting on behalf of a legal person as well. [From the publication]

1392-1592; 2351-6364
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2019-09-17 09:19:10
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