Kuršių nerijos ankstyvųjų viduramžių archeologiniai paminklai. Kuršių ir prūsų kontaktų zonos klausimas

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Kuršių nerijos ankstyvųjų viduramžių archeologiniai paminklai. Kuršių ir prūsų kontaktų zonos klausimas
Alternative Title:
Early medieval archaeological sites of the Curonian Spit. The question of the contact zone for Prussians and Curonians
In the Journal:
Res humanitariae. 2014, t. 15, p. 115-143
Notes:
LDB Open.
Keywords:
LT
Prūsai; Kuršiai; Laidosena; Etniniai indikatoriai.
EN
Prussians; Curonians; Burial rite; Ethnic indicators.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnis skirtas XIII–XV a. Kuršių nerijos archeologinių paminklų tyrinėjimų rezultatams apibendrinti, pagrindinių radinių tipams analizuoti ir kuršių ir prūsų genčių spėjamų kontaktų zonai nagrinėti. Apžvelgiamos ir revizuojamos nusistovėjusios paskutinio dešimtmečio teorijos, skirtos palikusiems XIII–XV a. Kuršių nerijos paminklus etnosams identifikuoti. Darbe pateikiama iki šiol neskelbta naujų tyrinėjimų ir archyvinė archeologinė medžiaga. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article is dedicated to the archaeological monuments investigated on the Curonian Spit from the very beginning of archeological excavations here in the 1869 up to the 2008. All investigated archaeological monuments are located in the Southern part of Curonian Spit and are dated by the 13th–15th centuries in case of Stangenwalde cemetery and by the 12/13th–14th centuries for Korallen-Berg settlement. Materials of Stangenwalde inhumation graves have a wide range of parallels and analogies with Prussian cemeteries of the Teutonic Order period as Alt-Wehlau, Gerdauen-Kinderhof, Mitino, Równina Dolna etc. Some archaic artefacts as penannular brooch with connected star-shaped terminals and also spiral bracelet and drinking horn mount of Curonian types could appear here far behind the date of their production, from areas of Sambia and today’s Klaipėda district respectively. Perhaps, it is the same case for oval steels with up-twisted terminals, found in Korallen-Berg. The forms of ceramics and ornaments occurred in Korallen-Berg have the number of analogies both in cemeteries and settlements of the 12th–14th centuries in Prussian and Curonian area. The fact that Prussian or Curonians cremation graves of the 11th–13th centuries did not occur in Curonian Spit, together with the data of mentioned monuments, as well as stray finds of ornaments of the 12/13th–15th centuries in the area of former Rossitten and Pillkoppen, proves the theory, that main Iron Age settlement activity began here not as the earliest at the beginning of the 13th century and was caused by the war of Prussians with Teutonic knights and new political realities of German colonisation, which made Curonian Spit an important war and trade road, connecting Sambian peninsula with newly established castle of Memel-Burg. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1822-7708; 2538-922X
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/62935
Updated:
2020-12-11 22:15:50
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