Rise of canonical objecthood with the Lithuanian verbs of pain

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Anglų kalba / English
Rise of canonical objecthood with the Lithuanian verbs of pain
In the Journal:
Baltic linguistics [BaltL]. 2013, 4, p. 187-211
Gramatika / Grammar; Kalbos dalys. Morfologija / Morphology.
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: Išlyginimas; Kanonizacija; Lygiagretinimas; Naudininkas-galininkas; Naudininkas-vardininkas; Objektiškumas; Produktyvumas; Rėmai; Rėminė linksnių konstrukcija; Skausmo veiksmažodžiai; Skausmą reiškiantys veiksmažodžiai; Alignment; Canonicization; Case frame; Dative-accusative pattern; Dative-nominative pattern; Lithuanian; Objecthood; Productivity; Verbs of pain.

ENThe present paper aims to uncover the processes governing the rise of canonical case-markings. Experiencer verbs with the [...] case frame must necessarily first acquire canonical case marking on their second argument in order to enable the acquisition of the nominative by their first argument. The present paper concentrates, thus, on the acquisition of the accusative case by the second argument. Lithuanian verbs of pain are taken under scrutiny. I examine the change that leads to the acquisition of canonical objecthood, namely, the change from the original [...] case frame to the more canonical [...] case frame. In the latter, the body-part argument not only acquires the canonical object marking, but also certain syntactic object properties as, for example, the obligatory change into genitive under negation. Strikingly, this change is only found with the verbs of pain skaudėti "to ache" and dial. sopėti "to ache" in Lithuanian, while other [...] experiencer verbs do not undergo this change. I argue that the rise of the canonical object with [...] verbs of pain in Lithuanian is due to some analogical processes internal to the semantic class of verbs of pain and not to a general drift leading to the acquisition of canonical case assignments. Verbs of pain represent a more complex subclass of experiencer verbs in that they typically take three arguments, namely, experiencer, body-part and stimulus. Those verbs that encode all three participants of the pain event as core arguments typically have the following case frame in Baltic: [...]. I argue that the loss of the stimulus position by some of these triadic causal verbs of pain let them conflate semantically with the dyadic stative [...] verbs of pain. This semantic merger results in the redundancy of the morphosyntactic variation between [...] and [...] which, in turn, leads to a generalization of one particular case frame: [...] in the standard language and [...] in some dialects. [abstrac

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2021-02-28 18:51:07
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