Profesinis perdegimas karjeros raidos kontekste: ikimokyklinio ugdymo pedagogų atvejis

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Profesinis perdegimas karjeros raidos kontekste: ikimokyklinio ugdymo pedagogų atvejis
Alternative Title:
Profesional burnout in the context of career development: the case of preschool education pedagogues
In the Journal:
Andragogika. 2014, Nr. 1 (5), p. 10-26
Karjeros raida; Pedagogų karjera; Profesinis perdegimas; Socialiniai vaidmenys.
Career development; Professional burnout; Social roles; Teachers career.
Summary / Abstract:

LTDėl sparčios visuomenės kaitos, kintančių darbo sąlygų ir santykių žmogaus karjeros raida įgyja naujų požymių, lemiančių profesinio perdegimo riziką. Profesinis perdegimas itin dažnas tuose karjeros raidos etapuose, kai žmogui tenka daugelis vienodai reikšmingų ir laiko bei energijos imlių socialinių vaidmenų – darbuotojo, tėvo / mamos, savo tėvų vaiko ir kt. Tyrimai rodo, kad nuo profesinio perdegimo sindromo kenčia didelė visuomenės dalis. Ypač ši problema aktuali pedagogų profesinei bendruomenei. Pedagogai kasdien patiria intensyvų socialinį kontaktą su didelėmis jaunų žmonių grupėmis, be to, nuolat susiduria su švietimo reformų, nuolatinio mokymosi, kartų skirtumo, kintančių bendravimo normų lemiamais iššūkiais. Straipsnyje pristatomas tyrimas, atskleidžiantis, pedagogų profesinį perdegimą kaip sisteminį reiškinį, skirtingai pasireiškiantį įvairiais pedagogų karjeros etapais. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe burnout syndrome – is the state of emotional, mental and physical exhaustion, which has formed due to long-term unsolved stress emerging in work situations. The burnout syndrome is characteristic for representatives of professions whose work is related to intensive, long-term communication. Lately psychological aspects of pedagogues’ work became relevant for researchers, researches on stress enlarged in number and evident outspread of professional burnout syndrome has been observed. Theories of career development emphasize dynamics of social roles and the necessity to coordinate them in one’s career path. The risk of professional burnout particularly increases in those stages of career development when a person has to perform a lot of equally-significant and energy-intensive social roles (an employee, father/mother, a child of own parents and so on). In this context the following research questions emerge: how professional burnout manifests at different stages of pedagogue’s career? What ways of its prevention and overcoming are possible in complex evaluating development of pedagogue’s career and life? The research aim – is to disclose peculiarities of professional burnout in the context of development of preschool pedagogues’ career. Preschool education pedagogues make the part of pedagogues’ community, which is influenced by country’s education problems at macro level, as well as peculiar problems of organizational level. Researches on professional burnout purposefully oriented to preschool education pedagogues, particularity of their profession are missing. Professional burnout comprises three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal achievements. Emotional exhaustion manifests as sense of exhaustion and fatigue, lack of energy as well as great reduction of person’s emotional resources.Depersonalization – is emotional retreat, cynicism, creation of distance against others when relations with people become formal, impersonal. Loss of competitiveness sense, sense of inefficiency, intensification of dissatisfaction, negative evaluation of the work as well as intensification of distrust feelings are characteristic for reduction of personal achievements. Career development is related to dynamics of social roles performed by a person. A modern person faces the challenge to maintain balance among different roles of life as overlapping and confusion of roles lead to their superficial performance, non-usefulness, threaten in dissatisfaction in life quality, low self-realization and professional burnout. The following peculiarities are characteristic for expression of professional burnout of preschool education pedagogues in the context of their career development: yy all preschool education pedagogues who participated in the research admit that they feel professional exhaustion, which is named as emotional and physical exhaustion being felt; yy according to the respondents, the most meaningful organizational factors influencing the development of pedagogues’ professional burnout are work load, conflicts in an organization and lack of financial reward. Social reward, professional assessment, compliance of pedagogue’s attitudes, the possibility to make decisions professional competences of a pedagogue and work with children are mentioned to a lesser extent; however, they are ranked as important; yy most respondents admit that they have felt features of their professional burnout, especially – emotional exhaustion, when they were 35-40 years old (after 10-15 years of work experience). The respondents named different personal reasons that could have influenced the emergence of their professional burnout: too large work load, changes in their families, dominance of other aims in life fields. [From the publication]

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2019-01-18 07:59:00
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