Permąstant sankcijas už kontrabandą: proporcingumo problema (I). Proporcingumo principas ir Bausmės už kontrabandą

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Permąstant sankcijas už kontrabandą: proporcingumo problema (I). Proporcingumo principas ir Bausmės už kontrabandą
Alternative Title:
Rethinking system of sanctions for trafficing of goods: the problem of proportionality (I). Principe of proportionality and criminal sanctions
In the Journal:
Teisės problemos. 2012, Nr. 4 (78), p. 5-24
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Kontrabanda; Teisingumo principas; Baudžiamasis kodeksas; Trafficking of goods; Principle of equity; Criminal Code.
Kontrabanda; Teisėkūra. Teisės šaltiniai / Legislation. Sources of law; Teisingumo principas; Teismai. Teismų praktika / Courts. Case-law.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje ir jo tęsinyje, remiantis 2009–2011 metų teismų praktikos baudžiamosiose bylose dėl kontrabandos analize, sistemiškai vertinama teisinių priemonių, taikomų kontrabandos nusikaltimo kaltininkams, visuma – bausmės, konfiskavimas, mokestinės priemonės. Atskleidžiamas atotrūkis tarp siauro politinio supratimo apie kontrabandos baudimą ir praktinės baudžiamosios politikos. Taip pat parodoma, kad konstruojant ir taikant sankcijų už kontrabandą sistemą yra pernelyg mažai kreipiama dėmesio į proporcingumo principą, dėl ko už kontrabandą taikomos priemonės kartais prasilenkia su teisingumo principu. [Iš leidinio]

ENArticle presents the results of survey of sentences in criminal cases of trafficking of goods which came into force in 2009–2011 in Lithuania. The results were analysed in the light of principle of proportionality. The European Court of Human Rights and Lithuanian Constitutional Court have repeatedly emphasized the importance of the principle of proportionality. However the supreme political bodies of the State had proposed several amendments of the Criminal Code aiming at aggravating criminal liability for economic crimes, also trafficking of goods. The survey presents empiric data which shows that political assumptions that former limits of sanctions in Criminal Code were too mild and could prevent courts from passing effective sentences were speculative. In fact sentences mostly did not exceed average sanctions provided by law for trafficking. However the author came to conclusion that classification of criminal trafficking in goods as serious crime without regard to the fiscal damage which was caused by the offence determines disproportionally severe sanctions in less serious cases of trafficking and also prevents the courts from opportunity to apply some alternatives to criminal liability or apply community based sanctions. Classification of all cases of trafficking as serious offence also infringes consistency of the common system of the offences. The sentencing rule that sets average of sanction as starting point for sentencing is also criticized for making exceptional maximum sanctions relevant for the determination of sanction for ordinary cases where neither aggravating nor mitigating circumstances may be established. The statutory prohibition to impose more than one punishment for an offence is criticized too. It prevents the courts from imposing fines to offenders who are found guilty in gain-orientated crimes if they received sanction of imprisonment or sentenced to probation or any other sanction.Finally the methodology of estimation of the seriousness of trafficking in goods is discussed. It was proposed to take into account the amount of the evaded tax instead of the total value of the goods. [From the publication]

1392-1592; 2351-6364
Related Publications:
2018-04-25 21:54:53
Views: 24    Downloads: 7