Šventasis kankinys kaip šventųjų pirmavaizdžio ir globėjo Kristaus atspindys XVII a. poezijoje: "krauju tapytas" Juozapato Kuncevičiaus paveikslas

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Šventasis kankinys kaip šventųjų pirmavaizdžio ir globėjo Kristaus atspindys XVII a. poezijoje: "krauju tapytas" Juozapato Kuncevičiaus paveikslas
Alternative Title:
Martyr saint as the reflection of the prototype of the saints and the patron Christ in 17th century poetry: the image of bl. Josaphat of Polotsk "painted in blood"
In the Journal:
Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis [AAAV]. 2011, t. 60, p. 99-111. Dangiškieji globėjai, žemiškieji mecenatai
Notes:
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Juozapatas Kuncevičius; Unitai; Baroko literatūra; XVII a. lietuvių literatūra lotynų kalba; Religinė poezija; Josaphat of Polotsk; Uniates; Baroque literature; 17th century's Lithuanian literature (Latin); Religious poetry.
Keywords:
LT
Barokas / Baroque; Jėzuitai / Jesuits; Juozapatas Kuncevičius; Literatūra / Literature; Religinė literatūra / Spiritual literature; Unitai; XVII a. lietuvių literatūra lotynų kalba.
EN
17th century's Lithuanian literature (Latin); Baroque literature; Josaphat of Polotsk; Religious poetry; Uniates.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje aptariami ir nagrinėjami ankstyvieji Juozapatui Kuncevičiui skirti lotyniški epigramų ciklai, palydintys poemą Juozapatida (1628) ir Jokūbo Sušos parašytą Juozapato biografiją (1665). Išskirtinis dėmesys skiriamas baigiamajai pirmojo ciklo epigramai, kurioje reprezentuojamas kankinio krauju „nusipieštas" simbolinis atvaizdas. Straipsnyje ieškoma šios epigramos sąsajų su to meto jėzuitų poezijoje perteikiama Kristaus krauju „tapyto" paveikslo simbolika, koduojančia įvaizdinto slėpinio žinią. Kankinio atvaizdas yra gražus savo negražumu, jo vertei patvirtinti nereikia aukštakilmės genealogijos ir, galima teigti, vienintelis jame įsiamžinantis „mecenatas" yra pats Kristus. [Iš leidinio]

ENThis article discusses and analyses the early poetic sources related to Josaphat Kuntsevych: the two long and poorly researched Latin cycles of epigrams accompanying the poem Iosaphatidos sive de nece Josaphat Kuncewicz [...] libri très (1628) and the biography of Josaphat Cursus vitae, et certamen martyrii B. Iosaphat Kuncevicii (1665), written by Jakub Susza. The ten epigrams of the Iosaphatidos cycle (devoted to "separate examples of Josaphat Kuntsevych's virtues") are distinguished by their poetical mastery and the merits of their epigrammatic Baroque style. They are characterized by the play of contrasting meanings and unexpectedly "sharp" final phrases. In the epigrams of the Susza's cycle one can perceive the influence of the earlier cycle's epigrams. Both cycles' epigrams are related by the originally structured system of poetic images that frames certain hagiographie episodes associated with St. Josaphat. In the hagiographie thread of the martyrdom the polysemantic symbolism of blood and water dominates. The final epigram X of the Iosaphatidos cycle is especially worth mentioning. It represents the symbolic image drawn by the future saint himself. The text of the epigram appears enter to into polemics with the emblematic and armorial tradition that celebrate the family and the noble parents of the hero: the wall image painted with the blood of Kuntsevych correlates with the face of Christ - the prototype of all Christian martyrs imprinted on St. Veronica's Kerchief or the Shroud of Turin.The analysis of the text reveals this epigrams connections with the symbolism of the image "painted" with Christ's blood that is rendered in contemporaneous Latin Jesuit poetry. This symbolism uses the analogous means of an image system to encode the message of an illustrated mystery: the image of a martyr - not beautified and not allegorized - which is drawn with real blood and is beautiful in its imperfection. There is no need for high-origin genealogy for its value to be confirmed and, one can maintain that the only "patron" immortalized in it is Christ himself. [From the publication]

ISBN:
9786094470158
ISSN:
1392-0316
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/35471
Updated:
2018-12-17 13:09:30
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