Koncesijos samprata ir teisinis reguliavimas

Direct Link:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Koncesijos samprata ir teisinis reguliavimas
Alternative Title:
Concept of concession and legal regulation
In the Journal:
Socialinių mokslų studijos [Societal Studies]. 2010, Nr. 3, p. 257-275
Koncesija; Viešoji privačioji partnerystė; Viešoji sutartis; Viešoji-privačioji partnerystė; Viešųjų darbų koncesija; Viešųjų paslaugų koncesija.
Concession; Public agreement; Public service concession; Public work concession; Public-private partnership.
Summary / Abstract:

LTKoncesija yra viena seniausių ir plačiausiai taikomų viešosios ir privačiosios partnerystės formų, padėjusių įgyvendinti daugelį projektų, užtikrinančių viešojo sektoriaus funkcijų įgyvendinimą pasitelkiant privatų kapitalą visame pasaulyje. Nuo pirmojo Koncesijų įstatymo priėmimo Lietuvoje ši teisinių santykių forma nebuvo plačiai taikoma įgyvendinant viešojo ir privataus sektorių bendrus projektus. Tam trukdė ir nepalankus teisinis reglamentavimas, ir menkas visuomenės suvokimas, kas yra koncesijos sutartis bei kokiais atvejais ji sudaroma. Šiame straipsnyje plačiau nagrinėjama koncesijos sąvoka, analizuojant bendruosius koncesijos bruožus ir įvertinant panašumus su giminingais teisės institutais. Darbe taip pat analizuojamas koncesijų teisinis reglamentavimas Europos Sąjungos lygiu. [Iš leidinio]

ENConcession is one of the oldest and widely used forms of public-private partnership within the EU and the rest of the world in different areas such as public health, public safety, transport and others. Despite this fact, there still exists no single and clear definition of the term 'concession'. When one talks about concession in Lithuania, it is important to remember that for a long time it has been terra incognita for the majority of the society. Because of imperfect regulation it was hard to implement concession in daily life. With the introduction of the new Law on Concession in 2003, a clear regulation of this sphere was established and a clear definition of a concession agreement was provided, what cannot be said about the regulation of concession on the EU level. This article deals with the term of concession agreement and defines the criteria for distinguishing concession from public work or service contracts. The concept of concession agreement has many definitions in different countries and international organizations; however, they all appear to be related to the same issues. Under a concession agreement, a concessionaire gets the right from a public entity to operate a defined infrastructure service (e.g. electric power, toll roads, etc.) for a long period of time and receive revenues deriving from it. Concession is operated through a variety of structures such as turnkey procurement, Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT), Build-Own-Operate (BOO), Build-Rent-Operate-Transfer (BROT), Build-Own-Operate-Transfer (BOOT), Design-Build-Finance-Operate (DBFO), etc.However, they share the main criteria for defining concession - long term period, different responsibilities, advanced risk allocation, functional specifications. No secondary regulation on concession, apart from some exceptions, has yet been developed in the EU. Directive 2004/18 partly deals with the public work concession, lays down specific provisions and mentions service concession. Despite the fact that in the current EU framework a clear distinction between service concession and public work concession is made and different rules are set, both conceptions are subject to the rules and principles of the EC Treaty. According to the case-law of the European Court of Justice, the award of concession is subject to the general principles of the EC Treaty such as transparency, equal treatment, proportionality and mutual recognition. As there is no concrete and binding regulation for concession on the EU level, Member States are free to set their own regulations and develop individual definitions of the concession agreement. [From the publication]

2029-2236; 2029-2244
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2018-12-17 12:54:33
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