Sienų apmušalų imitacija interjeruose nuo gotikos iki moderno

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Sienų apmušalų imitacija interjeruose nuo gotikos iki moderno
Alternative Title:
Wallpaper imitation in interior decoration: from gothic to art nouveau architecture
In the Journal:
Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis [AAAV]. 2011, t. 61, p. 11-44. Tekstai apie dizainą: lietuviški ir tarptautiniai kontekstai
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Ornamentinė sienų tapyba; Sienų apmušalų imitacija; Trafaretas; Ornamental mural painting; Wallpaper imitation; Stencil.
Sienų apmušalų imitacija; Tapyba / Painting; Trafaretas.
Ornamental mural painting; Stencil; Wallpaper imitation.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje pristatoma Lietuvos pastatų interjero dizaino istorijai svarbi, tačiau iki šiol į mokslinį diskursą nepatekusi tema - dekoratyvi, apmušalų raštus imituojanti sienų tapyba. Analizė atliekama remiantis išlikusiais arba iš polichromijos tyrimų žinomais pavyzdžiais. Parodoma sena trafareto panaudojimo tradicija, ypač išplėtota ornamentais dekoruojant didelius sienų plotus. [Iš leidinio]

ENBased on surviving examples or findings of polychromic research, this article presents 16th - early 2o, h century decorative mural painting that imitates wallpaper patterns, which has not been researched in Lithuania so far. It demonstrates the old tradition of using stencils, developed particularly while decorating large areas of wall space with ornamentation. Wallpaper-like patterns painted on walls were used in European buildings as an important element of decor since the Middle Ages. Often a template or a stencil, perfected and described in theoretical treatises as a methods of decorating fabrics since the 14th century, would be used in order to cover large portions of walls, arcs, and ceilings with rhythmically repetitive ornaments and to speed the work process. It was only in the Baroque epoch, when freedom of expression in painting had a greater value, that stencils were used much more rarely, yet they were not universally rejected nevertheless. The popularity of decorating walls with various ornaments even paved the way for the emergence of a separate group of artisan painters, the so-called "wallpaper painters", who are mentioned mostly in Protestant regions. In Lithuania, due to the long-standing negative attitude to ornamental and especially stencil painting, very few examples of such painting, especially of the early period, have been recorded, and even when they arc exhibited, usually only very small fragments that fail to present a comprehensive view of such decors importance to the whole of an interior are uncovered. Yet even individual cases reflect the fashions of wall decoration during all the stylistic periods, and demonstrate that this kind of decor was popular in both secular and sacral buildings.The industrial crafts that flourished in Europe since the middle of the i9l h century, and the interior design ideas of the early 20t h century made stencil painting and wallpaper patterns painted on walls particularly relevant. This is also supported by the findings of extensive polychromic research of Vilnius' residential buildings built in the second half of the 19th century and in the early 20* century, which reveal a great variety of painted patterns, common for the whole of Europe. [From the publication]

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2018-12-17 13:04:34
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