Iš Zigmunto Mečislovo Čaikovskio rankraščių : Vilniaus Subačiaus vartai

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Iš Zigmunto Mečislovo Čaikovskio rankraščių: Vilniaus Subačiaus vartai
Alternative Title:
From the manuscripts of Zygmunt Mieczysław Czaykowski: Subačius gate in Vilnius
In the Journal:
Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis [AAAV]. 2010, t. 57, p. 123-147. Meninis Vilnius: įtakos ir įvaizdžiai
Keywords:
LT
Zigmuntas Mečislovas Čaikovskis; Vilniaus senamiestis; Vilniaus pilys; Polocko kunigaikščiai; Subačiaus vartai.
EN
Zygmunt Mieczysław Czaykowski; Vilnius Old Town; Vilnius castle complex; Dukes of Polotsk; Subačius Gate.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje pirmą kartą publikuojamas ir analizuojamas architekto Zigmunto Mečislovo Čaikovskio (1887–1950) rankraštis, skirtas Vilniaus Subačiaus vartams ir Vilniaus Bazilisko legendai. Remiantis šiuo tekstu ir keliomis Čaikovskio sukurtomis iliustracijomis, pateiktos jo prielaidos dėl viduramžių Vilniaus urbanistinių struktūrų Subačiaus vartų rajone. Čaikovskio hipotezės sugretintos su vėlesniais Subačiaus vartų, artilerijos bastiono, pastatų Aušros Vartų g. 8, Subačiaus g. 6 ir šv. Kazimiero g. 3 tyrimais bei naujausiomis archeologų įžvalgomis ir atradimais buvusio Civitas Ruthenica teritorijoje. [Iš leidinio]

ENThis article examines the manuscript of Zygmunt Mieczysław Czaykowski devoted to the Subačius Gate in Vilnius and to the legend of the Vilnius Basilisk. The author completed this text on 13 June 1941. Only fragments of the works of Czaykowski have survived and they are kept in the archives of the Department of Cultural Heritage, while his drawings are kept in the Lithuanian Art Museum. In this manuscript, as in other works by the architect, one can see the efforts made to establish the urban structures of medieval Vilnius. Czaykowski’s existed in Vilnius differs from the hypotheses raised by Marian Morelowski and the archaeologists Helena and Włodzimierz Hołubowicz. According to his opinion, the location of the most significant castle in Vilnius should be sought near the present day Town Hall, i. e. in the district of the Subačius Gate. Aiming to justify this theory he searched for the remains of untypical buildings and urbanistic structures in the vicinity. In some cases the presumptions of Czaykowski were confirmed (investigations of the buildings of the Town Hall of Vilnius, 8 Aušros Vartų St., 6 Subačiaus St., 3 Šv. Kazimiero St.; the investigations of the Artillery Bastion building and the building in Bokšto St). However, Czaykowski was seriously mistaken as regards the architecture of the Subačius Gate, which is known only from the drawings of Pranciškus Smuglevičius, and their dating. Yet his insights are still interesting, especially when it comes to summarizing the latest data, and useful for the execution of the in situ research. [From the publication]

ISBN:
9789955854951
ISSN:
1392-0316
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Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/29927
Updated:
2018-12-17 12:52:17
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