Viduramžių Vilniaus universiteto teismas pasaulietinės ir bažnytinės jurisdikcijos atskyrimo kontekstu

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Viduramžių Vilniaus universiteto teismas pasaulietinės ir bažnytinės jurisdikcijos atskyrimo kontekstu
Alternative Title:
Court of the medieval University of Vilnius in the context of delimitation of secular and spiritual jurisdiction
In the Journal:
Teisė. 2010, t. 74, p. 57-66
Keywords:
LT
Vilniaus universitetas (VU; Vilnius University); Vilniaus universitetas (VU; Vilnius University); Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL).
EN
Court of the Vilnius University.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje nušviečiamos viduramžių Vilniaus universiteto teismo įsteigimo aplinkybės, aptariama Jo sudėtis ir kompetencija. Autorius siūlo skaitytojams naują problemos viziją, būtent aptaria Vilniaus universiteto teismą LDK bajorijos ir dvasininkijos kovos už pasaulietinės ir bažnytinės jurisdikcijos atskyrimą kontekstu. Užsibrėžtam tikslui pasiekti panaudota faktologinė medžiaga, surasta istorijos šaltiniuose ir mokslo darbuose. [Iš leidinio]

ENIn this article on basis of published historical sources and research papers the author established that Vilnius University in the Middle Ages was a selfgoverning professional corporation similar with guild or craft. The University was ruled by the Society of Jesus as a feudal benefice independent from the Magistrate and Courts of Vilnius town (ecclesiastical immunity was granted to the University by King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania Stephen Bator). In accordance with the King's Charter a very ample jurisdiction was allowed to the Rector's court, extending to all civil cases and all criminal cases except such as involved mutilation. In more serious criminal cases the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Vilnius (the Chancellor of the University) and the Bishop of Samogitia (the Advocate of the University) was recognized. The jurisdiction of the University determined by King's Charter came into collision with jurisdiction of the State determined by the Third Statute of Lithuania. As a result of the struggle between noblemen and clergymen for delimitation of competence of secular and spiritual courts the Supreme Tribunal Court of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania resolved this problem in favour of the University - the University's jurisdiction was extended to all criminal cases. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-1274; 2424-6050
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/24258
Updated:
2022-01-17 12:40:59
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