Skurdas : metodologijos klausimai ir lygis Lietuvoje

Direct Link:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Skurdas: metodologijos klausimai ir lygis Lietuvoje
Alternative Title:
Poverty: methodological issues and its level in Lithuania
In the Journal:
Socialinis darbas [Social Work]. 2009, t. 8, Nr. 1, p. 17-27
Nacionalinė sąskaityba. Pajamos / National accounts. Income.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje nagrinėjamos metodologinės skurdo matavimo problemos, pagrindžiamas absoliutaus skurdo matavimo tikslingumas bei įvertinamas absoliutaus skurdo lygis Lietuvoje. Straipsnyje atlikta skurdo rodiklių analizė parodė, kad absoliutaus skurdo lygis Lietuvoje per pastaruosius metus kasmet didėjo ir 2007 m. sudarė 21,6 proc. Skurdo didėjimą daugiausiai nulėmė maisto produktų, būsto, komunalinių paslaugų ir transporto paslaugų kainų augimas šalyje. [Iš leidinio]Reikšminiai žodžiai: Absoliutus skurdas; Santykinis skurdas; Skurdo lygis; Skurdo mažinimas; Absolute poverty; Poverty alleviation; Poverty rate; Relative poverty.

ENThe article focuses on poverty measurement problems. It argues that it is necessary to use absolute poverty concept when measuring poverty in Lithuania and proposes a method for absolute poverty line calculation. It also suggests poverty alleviation measures and seeks to substantiate the technique for calculating an absolute poverty line and for a complex poverty situation analysis in Lithuania on the basis of this technique. It also seeks to recommend ways of implementing anti-poverty measures in the country. The authors suggest that poverty measurement based on a relative poverty line is not effective in Lithuania, because it does not show the actual poverty rate in the country. According to the concept of relative poverty, people are considered to be in poverty if their standard of living is substantially lower than the general standard of living. Meanwhile absolute poverty emphasizes satisfaction of minimum needs of individual. According to the authors, relative poverty measures should be used in highly developed countries where more emphasis is put on satisfying intellectual and social rather than physical needs. Meanwhile absolute poverty line should be used in underdeveloped and semi developed countries when calculating poverty rate. The authors further suggest that a Cost of Basic Needs method should be used when calculating absolute poverty line in Lithuania. This method stipulates a minimum consumer basket (including food and non-food articles) deemed to be adequate for basic consumption needs, and then estimates its cost for different groups of people. [From the publication]

1648-4789; 2029-2775
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2018-12-17 12:35:44
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