Humanizmo principas atleidimo nuo baudžiamosios atsakomybės instituto istorinės raidos kontekste

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Humanizmo principas atleidimo nuo baudžiamosios atsakomybės instituto istorinės raidos kontekste
Alternative Title:
Principle of humanness in the context of the historical development of the institute of exemption from criminal liability
In the Journal:
Socialinių mokslų studijos [Societal Studies]. 2009, Nr. 4, p. 179-194
Notes:
LDB Open.
Keywords:
LT
Atleidimas nuo baudžiamosios atsakomybės; Baudžiamoji atsakomybė; Baudžiamoji teisė; Baudžiamoji teisė, baudžiamoji atsakomybė; Baudžiamoji teisėkūra; Bausmės skyrimas; Humanizmo principas; Konstituciniai humanizmo,teisingumo principai
EN
Constitutional principles of humanness and justice; Criminal laibility; Criminal law; Criminal liability; Exemption from criminal liability; Imposition of punishment; Penal law-making; Principle of humanizm; Principle of humanness
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojama baudžiamosios teisės doktrinoje susiformavusi nuostata, kad baudžiamoji teisė atlieka apsauginę, represinę, prevencinę ir informacinę funkcijas. Tačiau taip pat pabrėžiama, jog šiuolaikinė baudžiamoji teisė, jos priedermė, šios teisės šakos tobulinimo proceso tendencijos atskleidžia ir kitą – humaniškąją jos pusę. Tai pasireiškia sutaikinamąja, atkuriamąja funkcijomis, t. y. priešingų interesų baudžiamuosiuose ir teisiniuose santykiuose suderinimu. Todėl straipsnyje istoriniu, teoriniu bei praktiniu aspektais analizuojamas baudžiamosios teisės humaniškasis pradas, kuris atskleidžiamas įtvirtinant bausmės skyrimo taisyklių bei atleidimo nuo baudžiamosios atsakomybės arba bausmės institutus. Straipsnyje konstitucinis humanizmo baudžiamosios teisės principas analizuojamas ir istoriniu aspektu. [Iš leidinio]

ENIn the doctrine of criminal law there is an approach that criminal law has, first of all, protective and repressive, as well as preventive and informational functions. However, in itself, the application of punishments and other penal repressive measures with regard to persons who committed criminal acts does not mean that the order and justice violated by the criminal acts would be restored and that the interests of the persons who suffered from the criminal acts would be protected and restored. The opinion that the obligation of criminal law is only to punish the culprit and to perform the protective function is denied by a number of provisions of penal law which reveals the humane origin of criminal law. It is manifested by the institutes of exemption from criminal liability, especially when the culprit who reconciled with the victim is exempted from criminal liability. It is also manifested by the entirety of rules for the imposition of punishments. The historical perspective of the evolution of the concept of criminal law shows that from the ancient times the main purpose of criminal law has been understood as, first of all, the application of unavoidable punishment or even revenge principles to all persons who violated the rules of behaviour existing in the community or society. However, the elements of humanness were entrenched in the first written sources of the law of the State of Lithuania as well as other states.In these sources, as one of the forms of the manifestation of this principle, a possibility is provided to agree to make amends to the victim for the inflicted damage, to reconcile with the victim and, thus, to expect a milder punishment or even exemption from it. The institute of exemption from criminal liability is becoming more acceptable and applicable in the process of criminal cases in the course of the consideration of criminal cases, in the course of the consideration of the issue of the compatibility between the punishment and the correction of the persons who committed criminal acts. The institute of exemption from criminal liability shows the humane approach of the state towards the culprit. The legislator, having entrenched the institute of exemption from criminal liability and having established realistic (possible to execute) grounds and conditions for the application thereof, created rational opportunities also to follow the principle of humanness in the course of the administration of justice in criminal cases. However, it is to be assumed that the possibilities of the application of this institute in Lithuania have not been exhausted, since, under the penal law, in the cases of the commitment of even about 90% of criminal acts, which are specified in the Special Part of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Lithuania, it is allowed to decide on the issues of the exemption from criminal liability. The right of the court to mitigate (ease) the situation of the culprit in the course of the administration of justice, which is entrenched in the valid Criminal Code, describes the striving of the legislator to strengthen the humanisation trends in the penal policies in our state. […] [text from author]

ISSN:
2029-2236, 2029-2244
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/23214
Updated:
2018-12-17 12:34:22
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