Skirtumai tarp lyčių, prognozuojant elgesio ir emocinius sunkumus paauglystėje pagal asmenybės bruožus ir tėvų auklėjimo stilių

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Skirtumai tarp lyčių, prognozuojant elgesio ir emocinius sunkumus paauglystėje pagal asmenybės bruožus ir tėvų auklėjimo stilių
Alternative Title:
Personality and parental rearing practices as predictors of adolescent emotional and behavioral problems: gender differences in predictive accuracy
In the Journal:
Psichologija. 2008, t. 38, p. 63-83
Paaugliai; Emociniai ir elgesio sunkumai; Asmenybės bruožai; Tėvų auklėjimo stilius.
Adolescents; Emotional and behavioral; Problems; Personality traits; Parental rearing behavior.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojamos vaikinų ir merginų emocinių ir elgesio sunkumų, asmenybės bruožų bei tėvų auklėjimo stilių sąsajos, bandoma nustatyti lyčių skirtumus, aiškinantis emocinių ir elgesio sunkumų numatymo galimybes. Tyrime naudojami ilgalaikio tyrimo, kuriame analizuojama prisitaikymo sunkumų raida nuo vaikystės iki paauglystės, duomenys. Tiriamųjų imtį sudarė 16–17 metų paaugliai (N = 467): 251 mergina ir 216 vaikinų. Tėvų auklėjimo stiliams nustatyti buvo naudojami EMBU (Arrindell et al., 1999), paauglių emociniams ir elgesio sunkumams – YSR 11/18 (Achenbach et al., 1991), asmenybės bruožams – NEO-FFI (Costa and McCrae, 1992) klausimynai. Rezultatų analizė atskleidė, kad merginos pasižymi aukštesniais emocinių (bet ne elgesio) sunkumų įverčiais nei vaikinai, o tėvai emocinę šilumą labiau naudoja dukterų, o ne sūnų atžvilgiu. Paaiškėjo, kad tėvų auklėjimo stilius bei paauglių asmenybės bruožai yra labiau susiję su merginų, o ne su vaikinų emociniais ir elgesio sunkumais. Regresinės analizės rezultatai parodė, kad ir vaikinų, ir merginų emociniams bei elgesio sunkumams tėvų auklėjimo stilius turi mažiau, o paauglių asmenybės bruožai (ir ypač neurotizmas) – daugiau prognostinės vertės. Remiantis tėvų auklėjimo stiliumi bei paauglių asmenybės bruožais, merginų emocinius ir elgesio sunkumus galima geriau numatyti nei vaikinų. [Iš leidinio]

ENMany models of psychological development are based on the assumption that parent’s actions are linked to, or the cause of, a child’s behavior. Information about childhood experiences, particularly parental rearing behaviour, is of importance in the clinical investigation of adjustment problems in adolescence. It has been well documented that adolescents run a heightened risk for emotional and behavioral problems when they feel rejected or overprotected by their parents and that parental rejection and overprotection has different effects for gender in developing emotional and behavioral problems. In general, the perceptions of early negative parental behavior are found to be connected to maladjustment and problem behaviors with internalizing as well as externalizing symptoms in adolescence. High perceived parental overinvolvment, rejection, and low emotional warmth correlates with low adjustment and low selfesteem, externalizing disorders, childhood depression, obsession-compulsion, and psychosomatic complaints, and parental control and absence of autonomy is connected with anxiety disorders. Adolescent delinquents perceived their parents as more rejecting, overprotecting, and less emotionally warm than normal adolescents. The perceptions of parental rejection and overprotection in the group of adolescent delinquents also correlated with attention and social problems and somatic complaints. Whether personality in combination with gender plays a role in the association between parental rejection and overprotection and emotional and behavioral problems has not yet received much attention. This study focuses on assessment of personality and parental rearing practices as predictors of adolescent emotional and behavioral problems and gender differences in predictive accuracy of emotional and behavioral problems.Data is used from longitudinal study on development of adjustment problems from childhood to adolescence. A total of 467 adolescent (251 girls and 216 boys), ages 16–17, completed questionnaires about parental rearing practices EMBU (The Egna Minnen Betraffande Uppfostran for Children, Arrindell et al., 1999). EMBU is a short 34-item questionnaire that intends to measure children and adolescents’ perception of three main aspects of parental rearing behaviour: Emotional Warmth, Rejection and Overprotection. Adolescents also completed questionnaires about their emotional and behavioral problems (YSR 11/18, Achenbach, 1991), and personality traits (NEO-FFI, Costa and McCrae, 1992). Girls scored higher on emotional problems (but not on behavioral problems) than boys. Parental behavior was more strongly associated with girls’ emotional and behavioral problems, in comparison to boys. Regression analysis revealed that parental rearing behavior is less significant predictors of emotional and behavioral problems in adolescence, than personality traits. Furthermore, parental rearing behavior and personality traits (namely, neuroticizm) were stronger predictors of emotional and behavioral problems for girls in comparison to boys. Overall, parental rearing practices and personality traits of adolescents are better predictors for emotional and behavioral problems of girls in comparison to boys. [From the publication]

1392-0359; 2345-0061
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