Argumentacija: įrodymo ir įtikinimo santykis

Direct Link:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Argumentacija: įrodymo ir įtikinimo santykis
Alternative Title:
Argumentation: the relation between proof and persuasion
In the Journal:
Žmogus ir žodis [Man and the Word]. 2007, 1, p. 94-100
įrodymas; įtikinimas; loginiai argumentai; emociniai argumentai; estetiniai argumentai.
Summary / Abstract:

LTĮvedus į 2008 m. lietuvių gimtosios kalbos brandos egzaminų programą samprotavimo rašinį, aktuali tampa įrodymo ir įtikinimo samprata bei jų santykis tekste; taip pat iškyla ir etikos klausimas, nes argumentacijos objektas yra žmogus, jo požiūris ir elgesys. Straipsnyje apžvelgiama šios problemos genezė; aptariamas klasikinis argumentų skirstymas į loginius, etinius ir patetinius pagal Aristotelio ethos, logos, pathos; įvertinamos kai kurios mokslinės įrodymo ir įtikinimo kategorijų sampratos. Kadangi argumentuojant galima apeliuoti į adresato intelektą, emocijas ir estetinius išgyvenimus, pateikiamas naujas argumentų skirstymo būdas pagal apeliacijos kryptį ir analizuojamas trejopo argumentų poveikio santykis. Numatant argumentavimo mokymo uždavinius, akcentuojamas apeliacijų į emocijas ir vaizduotę pavojus. [Iš leidinio]

ENFrom 2008 the Final Lithuanian native examination will include the task of writing an argumentative non-fiction essay. That is where the problem of the quality of an argument comes in. An argument should be based on the truth, but not on the effect caused by simulacrum. The present article deals with the relation of main dimensions of argumentation - those of proof and persuasion. Stress is laid on the statement that even though logics and rationality should be evaluated far more than the image of the author or his appeal to the emotions of the addressee, often the author finds formal reasoning difficult, the audience is bored, and as a result, rhetoric language prevails. Argumentative texts may appeal to the intellect, emotions and aesthetical experiences of the addressee; therefore, the article reviews the three kinds of argumentation in detail. It is evident that logical arguments have the strongest direct effect on the mind, emotional arguments influence feelings and aesthetical arguments stimulate imagination; however, any argument mentioned above makes stronger or weaker peripheral effect on the addressee. The flow of speech is linear, and when we normally conceive the discourse we do not analyse whether it appeals to the mind, emotions or imagination. Nevertheless, the appeal to emotions is a powerful rhetoric technique, which is often misused by politicians, journalists and advertisers. Thus, the article emphasises that one of the main tasks of teaching argumentation is to equip schoolchildren with the knowledge and skills necessary for the analysis of argumentation and to teach they to focus on thought which is the foundation of the text. [From the publication]

1392-8600; 1822-7805
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2018-12-17 11:59:02
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