Juozo Gabrio veikla Tautų Sąjungos užkulisiuose: žurnalistika ar diplomatija?

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Juozo Gabrio veikla Tautų Sąjungos užkulisiuose: žurnalistika ar diplomatija?
Alternative Title:
Juozas Gabrys and Lithuania at the League of Nations: press, business, politics
In the Journal:
Lietuvos istorijos studijos [LIS] [Studies of Lithuania's History]. 2021, t. 48, p. 33-51
Keywords:
LT
20 amžius. 1918-1940.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje nagrinėjama Juozo Gabrio ir jam artimų diplomatų bei žurnalistų veikla Ženevoje prie Tautų Sąjungos 1927–1939 m., atsižvelgiant į kelias sritis – žurnalistiką, verslą, politiką. Gabrio reportažuose Lietuvos spaudoje buvo siekiama aptarti tuo metu Tautų Sąjungoje svarstomus su Lietuva susijusius klausimus, taip pat nevengta kritikuoti lietuvių diplomatų ir pačios Tautų Sąjungos sprendimų, kiek tai leido cenzūra. Greta žurnalistinio darbo Juozas Gabrys užsiėmė Lietuvos ir Šveicarijos verslo ryšių plėtojimu, nekilnojamojo turto prekyba ir nuoma, valiutos keitimu. XX a. ketvirtajame dešimtmetyje Ženevoje veikė Lietuvių informacijos biuras, kuris nereguliariai buvo remiamas Lietuvos Respublikos užsienio reikalų ministerijos, bet daugumą savo leidinių Gabrys finansavo pats. Aptariamu laikotarpiu jis neužėmė jokio oficialaus diplomatinio ar politinio posto, todėl jo aplinkos įtaką, kuri tikrai egzistavo, galime matuoti tik informacijos sklaidos apie Lietuvą ir žinių apie Tautų Sąjungos sprendimus atžvilgiais. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe activity of Juozas Gabrys and his colleagues at the League of Nations in Geneva from 1927 until 1939 is the main subject of this article. The questions about this group of people are analyzed through several perspectives, such as journalism, business, and politics. The territorial and ethnical problems which were addressed by Lithuania at the League of Nations and the decisions of Lithuanian diplomats and politicians were overviewed in the press publications of Gabrys in various Lithuanian newspapers. In these texts he mostly focuses on two main topics in international interwar Lithuanian politics – the question of Vilnius its regarding mutual relations with Poland and the question of Memel and its region, which was intensely disputed by Lithuanian and German influences. Simultaneously, Gabrys had the intentions to develop business relations between Lithuania and Switzerland. He and his family worked in the fields of real estate and money exchange. Also, he established the Lithuanian Information Bureau in Geneva, which received irregular donations from the Lithuanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, yet most of the publications were funded by Gabrys himself. The answer to the question of Gabrys’s real influence on Lithuanian foreign policy could be given only partially. As for now, the possibility to measure this influence is limited only to the press and information field, as Gabrys’s work in those fields, although forgotten and underestimated nowadays, was observed and evaluated by his contemporaries. Due to his publications, Lithuanians could form an opinion about the League of Nations and its decisions as well as the situation on the level of European policy. [From the publication]

DOI:
10.15388/LIS.2021.48.2
ISSN:
1392-0448; 1648-9101
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Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/95681
Updated:
2022-11-08 15:54:59
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