Henriko Lyzijaus laiškai (1718, 1722) Prūsijos karaliui Frydrichui Vilhelmui I dėl Karaliaučiaus universiteto Lietuvių kalbos seminaro

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Henriko Lyzijaus laiškai (1718, 1722) Prūsijos karaliui Frydrichui Vilhelmui I dėl Karaliaučiaus universiteto Lietuvių kalbos seminaro
Alternative Title:
Letters from Heinrich Lysius (1718, 1722) to Frederick Wilhelm I, the King of Prussia, on the Lithuanian language seminar at the University of Königsberg
In the Journal:
Archivum Lithuanicum. 2019, t. 21, p. 283-308
Keywords:
LT
Laiškai; Henrikas Lyzijus; Lietuvių kalbos seminaras.
EN
Letters; Heinrich Lysius; Lithuanian language seminar.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe epistolary legacy of Heinrich Lysius (Lith. Henrikas Lyzijus, 1670-1731) related to the affairs of the churches and schools of Prussian Lithuania provides in sight into both, the then state of education and the efforts to introduce the Lithuanian language as a subject of compulsory primary education. The legacy of this theme is stored in several German memory institutions (now 8 letters are known) but the search for letters and documents must be continued. Their part containing data on the establishment of the educational system in Prussian Lithuania in 1710s-1720s is analysed here. The obligations of King Friedrich Wilhelm I to Lysius to establish a compulsory primary education system was also dictated by the continuous correspondence on education issues with Frederick Wilhelm I, the King of Prussia, and August Hermann Francke (1663-1727), a professor at the University of Halle. Two letters by Lysius, which were written to Frederick Wilhelm I, the King of Prussia (1688-1740, ruled in 1713-1740), are kept in the Secret State Archives of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation (Ger. Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz; G StA PK), are significant as sources bearing evidence to the initial stage of the activities of the Lithuanian language seminar at the University of Königsberg in 1718-1721, which had been scarcely documented until now. The letter dated 27 October 1718 allows for the conclusion that in the winter semester of 1718 the seminar was not yet open: the facilities and resources had not been established, no educational activities took place, and only organisational preparatory actions were carried out. At that time, Lysius only sought to attract students (12-20) from Prussian Lithuania and to provide them with preferences: alumnate and convict.The letter dated 31 July 1722 bears evidence to the following facts relating to the activities of the seminar: (1) the seminar led by Lysius in Königsberg was conducted for at least two years and was started for a third year; (2) its activities terminated in 1721 not due to the lack of students or their inability to learn and not through the fault of Lysius; but rather as a result of organisational decisions of the King: the refusal to grant the post of the senior preacher of the chamber to Lysius and the termination of his powers to take care of churches and schools; (3) the seminar was conducted according to the principles set by Lysius; (4) the activities of the seminar were productive: it prepared a group of persons suitable for serving in Prussian Lithuania and three of them, when vacancies opened, began working in schools. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-737X
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/88761
Updated:
2020-10-24 15:28:56
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