Politinės ir geopolitinės Augustino Midletono refleksijos (1790-1791)

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Politinės ir geopolitinės Augustino Midletono refleksijos (1790-1791)
Alternative Title:
Political and geopolitical reflections by Augustyn Middleton (1790-1791)
Keywords:
LT
Ketvertų metų seimo (1788-1792) reformos; Diplomatinė pasiuntinybė; Tarptautiniai santykiai; Abiejų Tautų Respublikos diplomatinė tarnyba; Augustinas Midletonas.
EN
Reforms of the Four-Year Sejm (1788-1791); Diplomatic service; International relations; Diplomatic mission of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; Augustyn Middleton.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje pristatoma Kauno pavieto bajoro Augustino Midletono (Augustyn Middleton, Midleton, Midelton) asmenybė ir veikla, pagrindinį dėmesį sutelkiant į šio asmens vertinimus Abiejų Tautų Respublikos politinių įvykių ir geopolitinės padėties atžvilgiu. Remiantis A. Midletono laiškais Stanislovui Augustui ir jo kabineto vadovui Pius’ui Kicińskiui, atskleidžiamas Lietuvos bajoro požiūris į Rusijos, Prūsijos ir Jungtinių Nyderlandų Provincijų poziciją Abiejų Tautų Respublikos reformų atžvilgiu, pristatoma A. Midletono laikysena konstitucinės monarchijos įvedimo, teisių miestiečiams suteikimo bei kitais reformų klausimais. Tyrimo centre - laikotarpis nuo Abiejų Tautų Respublikos diplomatinės atstovybės Hagoje atkūrimo 1790 m. balandžio 14 d. iki Ketvertų metų seimo darbo pabaigos. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article presents personality and activities of Augustyn Middleton, nobleman from Kaunas powiat, with the main focus on assessing this person in the light of political events in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the geopolitical situation. At the centre of this research is the period from the reinstatement of the diplomatic mission of the Commonwealth in The Hague on 14 April 1790 to the end of activities of the Four-Year Sejm. The article reveals that Augustyn Middleton, assigned by Stanislaw August to the diplomatic mission of the Commonwealth in the United Provinces of the Netherlands, was the agent of the King, who had to inform the Kings cabinet on activities of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary Mihal Kleofas Ogiński and to promote the reforms by the Four-Year Sejm in the foreign press thus shaping a positive public opinion in Western Europe regarding changes in Poland and Lithuania. Due to benevolent circumstances A. Middleton was able to reach the rank of embassy resident, however the horizons of his diplomatic career were limited by available finances. Political views of A. Middleton reflected aims declared by the fraction of Stanislaw August s court: to create a strong and prospering monarchy, hoping that the state will be able to regain its glorious past. A. Middleton promoted constitutional monarchy, inheritable throne, regulation of activities of the Sejm and the dietines (sejmiki), granting of political rights to townspeople, and economic development of the country. While supporting the idea of a centralized state, A. Middleton did not reflect on the rights of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the topic of a binary state. In assessing economic changes in Europe A. Middleton opposed the physiocrats, emphasizing that the most powerful form of capital comes not from agriculture but from banking.However, he was not afraid to admit that his knowledge of economics was not sufficient to explain the processes of financial capital. Ideas of religious tolerance, promoted by A. Middleton, his cosmopolite view of collaboration between states and nations, active interest in political and social transformations in Europe through anonymous polemical publications in foreign press on the topics of revolution allow for bringing the nobleman from Kaunas powiat A. Middleton into the circle of yet unknown people of the Enlightenment. [From the publication]

ISBN:
9786098183733
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/88268
Updated:
2020-10-07 11:14:35
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