From imagination to political reality? The Grand Duchy of Lithuania as a successor of Rome in the early modern historiography (15th-18th centuries)

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
From imagination to political reality? The Grand Duchy of Lithuania as a successor of Rome in the early modern historiography (15th-18th centuries)
In the Journal:
Open political science. 2018, 1, p. 170-181
Keywords:
LT
Ankstyvoji istoriografija; Graikų-romėnų senovė ankstyvajame moderniajame laikotarpyje; Kilmės mitas; Kultūrinė atmintis; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Lenkijos ir Lietuvos istoriografija; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Mitinė genealogija; Mito atsiradimas; Palemonas; Roma.
EN
Cultural memory; Early historiography; Foundation myth; Greco-Roman antiquity in early modern period; Mythical genealogy; Palemon; Polish-Lithuanian historiography; Roma; The Grand Duchy of Lithuania; The myth of origin.
Summary / Abstract:

ENAt the beginning of the Renaissance Lithuanians understood that to join the civilization of Western Europe, it was necessary to have an appropriate (it means: very long) tradition. Like other countries, they had to create their own myth of origin. The most prestigious tradition was Greek-Roman antiquity, so the country’s origin story was invented, claiming its people descended directly from Rome. According to subsequent chronicles, the founder of the new state was Palemon (Publius Libon, initially Vilia). Using the theory of cultural memory of Jan and Aleida Assmann, the article presents how and why the Lithuanian myth of origin was transformed from 15th to the end of the 18th century. Particular attention was paid to the current needs of the state and the powerful noble families of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which also found their origins in the state myth. During the early modern period, the changes in the story were made (including the date of Palemon’s arrival in the Lithuanian lands). Nonetheless, the myth was not questioned for a long time. Even once it had already been established that it was no more than a fairy tale, the story was revived again, performing other functions in the 19th century. [From the publication]

DOI:
10.1515/openps-2018-0015
ISSN:
2543-8042
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/83862
Updated:
2022-05-05 22:35:54
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