On Old Prussian poklausīmanas: some thoughts on the origin of the Proto-Balto-Slavic participial suffix *-ma-

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
On Old Prussian poklausīmanas: some thoughts on the origin of the Proto-Balto-Slavic participial suffix *-ma-
In the Journal:
Scando-slavica. 2017, vol. 63, no 2, p. 133-150
Notes:
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Baltų ir slavų kalbų prokalbė; Baltų kalbos; Baltų-slavų prokalbė; Esamojo laiko neveikiamosios rūšies dalyvis; Fonologija; Indoeuropiečių prokalbė; Morfologija; Prūsų kalba; Senoji prūsų kalba; Slavų kalbos; Slavų prokalbė; Baltic; Baltic languages; Morphology; Old Prussian; Phonology; Present passive participle; Proto-Balto-Slavic; Proto-Indo-European; Proto-Slavic; Slavic languages.
Keywords:
LT
Baltų ir slavų kalbų prokalbė; Baltų kalbos / Baltic languages; Baltų-slavų prokalbė; Esamojo laiko neveikiamosios rūšies dalyvis; Fonologija; Indoeuropiečių kabos / Indo-European languages; Morfologija; Prūsų kalba / Prussian language; Senoji prūsų kalba; Slavų kalbos; Slavų prokalbė.
EN
Baltic; Morphology; Old Prussian; Phonology; Present passive participle; Proto-Balto-Slavic; Proto-Indo-European; Proto-Slavic; Slavic languages.
Summary / Abstract:

ENIn Old Prussian there is one famous form, namely, poklausīmanas ‘heard, answered’. The reason for its renown is that it is regarded by some to be a present passive participle, and, by the same token, directly continue the Proto-Indo-European medio-passive participle in *-mh1no- as reflected e.g. in Vedic -māna- and Greek -μενο-. However, such a supposition is problematic in a few regards. Firstly, Baltic, like Slavic, knows only present passive participle in -m-, which makes the Old Prussian form, at the very least, enigmatic. Secondly, if OPr. -manas truly reflects the ancestral PIE morpheme, it sheds doubts on the validity of the hitherto reconstructed Proto-Balto-Slavic participial suffix *-ma as reflecting PIE *-mh1no-. In the present paper it is argued that Old Prussian poklausīmanas indeed is a present passive participle and that the suffix -mana- does in fact derive from an earlier *-mna- which, in turn, continues PIE *-mh1no-. As for the shape of the Old Prussian suffix, it is proposed that -mana- contains a secondary anaptyctic vowel as suggested by other evidence. Furthermore, some light is shed on the possibility of reconstructing the Proto-Balto-Slavic participial suffix not as *-ma- but rather as *-mna-, which would be more consistent with the shape of the reconstructed PIE suffix from which it derives. [From the publication]

DOI:
10.1080/00806765.2017.1399588
ISSN:
0080-6765; 1600-082X
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/83785
Updated:
2020-12-17 20:20:44
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